Massachusetts Birds

As of September 2019, there are actually 504 species consisted of in the main listing. Of all of them, 179 are actually on the assessment list (observe listed below), six have been actually launched to North America, 3 are vanished, as well as one has actually been actually extirpated.

8 additional species are on the additional bird checklist, the source of which is actually uncertain, along with the complete Massachusetts list of birds and pictures.

Table of Contents

List of Birds of Massachusetts

Delving Owl

Delving Owl

Tunneling Owl: Small ground-dwelling owl, usually brownish with various white places as well as no ear tufts. Eyes are yellowish. White face and also throat. Tail needs, and legs are long.

Bouyant, unpredictable trip with sluggish, silent wingbeats. May hover briefly over target. The scientific name means “little miner.”

Great Gray Owl

massachusetts birds

Fantastic Gray Owl: Large owl, sulky grey body system intermixed along with bars as well as streaks of brown, light gray, and white. Head is actually large and also without ear tufts.

For more details about the Great Gray Owl, then you can watch the video below.

Yellow eyes are pretty small. Bulky look when setting down because of dense, cosy quill, longer wings prolonging past body system, and also fairly lengthy rear.

Boreal Owl

massachusetts birds

Boreal Owl: Medium owl, white-spotted, brown upperparts as well as dense brown-streaked, white underparts. Mind is black along with numerous little white locations, face disks neighbored with dark, eyes are actually yellow-orange.

Short air travels possess swift wingbeats, longer ones are actually bouyant with shallow, silent wing beats.

North Hawk Owl

massachusetts birds

Northern Hawk Owl: Medium-sized, slim owl with white-spotted brownish upperparts as well as brown-barred white colored underparts.

The gray face disk is actually partially lined through a heavy, brown stripe that reaches the top bust; does not have ear tufts. Airfoils are long as well as fairly directed. Tail is long and pivoted.

Mississippi Kite

massachusetts birds

Mississippi Kite: Small kite, sulky grey upperparts, dull gray underparts as well as scalp. Rear is actually dark and also long. Bouyant tour along with steady airfoil beats, rotates a number of wing movements along with short to lengthy glides.

White stalked Kite

massachusetts birds

White-tailed Kite: Small war hawk with grey upperparts, dark shoulders, and also white face as well as underparts. Eyes are red, bill is actually black.

Underwings are white colored and grey with dark patches at bend. Rear is actually straight, light grey, as well as briefer than folded up wings. Legs and shoes are actually gray. Rises on thermals and also updrafts.

Swainson’s Hawk

massachusetts birds

Swainson’s Hawk: Large war hawk, darkened brown upperparts, white colored throat, rufous upper bust, ashen fan underparts.

Tail is actually grey along with faint bars, dim incurable band, and also white colored trailing edge. Yellow legs, shoes. Alternates series of effective deep wing hammers along with long glides. Skyrockets on thermals and also updrafts.

Red Egret

massachusetts birds

Red Egret: Medium egret with blue-gray body and shaggy, dull rufous head and also neck. Expense is pink with dark idea. Legs are blue-gray.

White morph possesses all-white quill, black-tipped pink bill, and black legs. Feed upon fish, toads as well as crustaceans. Direct tour with buoyant consistent airfoil beats.

Also Read : Hummingbird Predators

Lumber Stork

massachusetts birds

Hardwood Stork: Large, odd wading bird, mainly white colored apart from for black trip feathers as well as tail. Legs as well as feet are grey dark. Backups between strong airfoil beats and coasting.

Sandhill Crane

massachusetts birds

Sandhill Crane: This huge paddling bird has a grey body system, white cheeks, jaw, and also top neck, and a bright red cap. It possesses a dim costs, dark legs and also yellow eyes and also shoes.

It has a straight consistent flight on massive and also struggled airfoil beats, along with a slow down stroke as well as a fast and also jerky upstroke. Soars in V or even straight line buildups. Diet regimen is actually hefty in seeds and planted grains. Sexual activities are comparable.

Crested Caracara

massachusetts birds

Crested Caracara: Large, ground-dwelling falcon, dark body, finely banned rear, wing doors and also upper breast. Head crest is actually dark, face skin is actually red, as well as sizable bill is blue-gray and also addicted.


massachusetts birds

Gyrfalcon: Large north falcon along with 3 colour morphs: darker, white, as well as gray. White morph is white along with dark blotches and markings on segments, nape, and also edges.

Brownish Pelican

massachusetts birds

Brown Pelican: Large, unmistakable seabird, gray-brown body, dark brown, ashen yellow head and back, extra-large costs. Black lower legs, webbed shoes.

Feed upon fish by dive diving as well as gathering all of them up along with bag. Powerful trip backups flaps along with short glides. Flies near the water direct.

Western Grebe

massachusetts birds

Western Side Grebe: Large, long-necked grebe along with dark gray upperparts, white underparts, gray edges as well as flanks. Reduced face as well as front end of neck are white; black limit presents under eye. Wings have white red stripes obvious in air travel.

Black headed Grosbeak

Black-headed Grosbeak: Large, stocky finch, black-streaked, orange-brown back, black head, airfoils, tail. Wings have visible white spots. Female lacks black scalp and neck, has actually brownish spotted upperparts as well as addict spotted underparts.

Canada Jay

Gray Jay: Medium-sized, cosy, crestless jay along with grey upperparts, paler underparts, and also a short act. Tail is white-tipped and also long.

Feed upon insects, carrion, refuse, seed, nuts, berries, mice, eggs and younger of various other birds. Light and bouyant trip on steady wing beats. Glides in between branches.

Detected Towhee

Dark breast, white colored stubborn belly, rufous edges. Wings are dark with white colored areas. Rear is actually black and also longer with white edges.

Brewer’s Blackbird

Maker’s Blackbird: Medium-sized blackbird along with violet gloss on head and back and also green gloss on body system and wings.

Eyes are actually yellowish. Follows ranch tractors and also tills. Seeks on ground. Feed upon caterpillars, insects, grains, seeds and fruits. Tough, direct and speedy air travel with quickly beating airfoils.

Golden determined Sparrow

Golden-crowned Sparrow: Large sparrow, brown-streaked upperparts as well as plain gray bosom. Yellowish crown is actually bordered by a vast dark cap; jowl and dog collar are actually black. Bill is gray. Segments are actually brown with 2 white colored bars. Brief flights, backups fast part pounds with quick periods of parts drew to sides.

Mew Gull

Mew Gull: Medium-sized gull with gray back as well as upperwings, and also white colored scalp, boob, belly, and also back. Airfoils have white-spotted dark recommendations; tail is actually white colored. Graceful, bouyant air travel.

The golden state Gull

California Gull: This is actually a medium-sized gull with a white crown and underparts, gray airfoils and also dark wing recommendations.

The costs and lower legs are yellow, and also it possesses a reddish eyering. It has a powerful straight tour with rich airfoil beats. It devours worms, computer mice, other birds as well as their eggs, and rubbish. The sexuals are comparable, however the males are usually higher ladies, along with a much larger costs, tarsi and also crown. Massachusetts Birds

Bewick’s Wren

Bewick’s Wren: Small wren with unstreaked, grey to red-brown upperparts as well as pure white underparts. White eyebrows are visible. Legs and shoes are gray.

Western Meadowlark

Western Meadowlark: This low stocky, ground-dwelling bird has dark-streaked brownish upperparts, bright yellow underparts, and a broad dark V on the bosom. It has a dark brown-and-white candy striped crown, sharply sharp costs and brown tail with white colored sides. Massachusetts Birds

Feeds mostly on insects but likewise eats seeds. Flies poor, with swift shallow tight airfoil beats observed through short glides. Sexual activities are comparable.

Townsend’s Warbler

Townsend’s Warbler: Olive-green upperparts, black throat as well as uppermost bust. Reduced breast and also sides are actually yellowish along with black streaks and tummy is white.

Face is yellow with dark crown and also jowl spot and also yellow crescent under eye. Parts possess two white colored bars. Rear possesses white edges, dark midpoint and also suggestion. Massachusetts Birds

Band Tailed Pigeon

Band-tailed Pigeon: Large plunged, little, purple-gray head and also wide-ranging back with distinct, thin white colored band on neck.

Back and parts are actually purple-gray, underparts quality coming from purple-gray neck as well as breast to white tummy. Rear is pale grey, darker band at foundation. Bill, legs, shoes are yellow. Swift direct tour. Massachusetts Birds

Allen’s Hummingbird

Allen’s Hummingbird: Small, compact hummingbird; male has straight dark proposal, glittering eco-friendly dental crown as well as back, white breast, and rufous sides, stubborn belly, rear, and rump.

Swift straight air travel, hovers when supplying. Massachusetts Birds

Black Bellied Plover

Black-bellied Plover: This medium-sized shorebird has dark upperparts strongly marked with a white spot on each plume. It possesses a dark face, throat and also stubborn belly as well as white colored forehead and crown that crosses the eye, down the back and also edges of the back.

Air vent and airfoil stripe apparent in trip. Potent direct air travel with powerful swift airfoil beats. Prey on sea earthworms and also bugs. Sexual activities are similar.

Bullock’s Oriole

Bullock’s Oriole: Medium oriole, primarily sunny orange with dark crown, eye-line, neck red stripe, back, and also central tail. Airfoils are black along with big white patches. Strong straight trip with swift airfoil beats.

Black Backed Woodpecker

Black-backed Woodpecker: Small woodpecker along with dark back, dark airfoils with white areas on trip feathers, barred flanks, white colored underparts. Tail is actually dark with white colored outer rear feathers. Massachusetts Birds

Lewis’s Woodpecker

Lewis’s Woodpecker: Medium woodpecker along with sulky green-black upperparts and hood. Skin is dark red, dog collar is actually grey, stubborn belly is pale red. The bill, legs as well as shoes are actually black.

It was called for Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and also Clark exploration. Its dark tuft establishes it other than all other North American woodpeckers.

Black chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird: Medium hummingbird along with metal green upperparts, gray underparts, white colored breast, green-washed flanks. Move seems black total along with white colored spot responsible for eye; cap is extremely dark eco-friendly.

Neck is actually many-colored violet; currency is long and a little decurved. Forked tail is actually dark environment-friendly along with black exterior tail plumes.

Violet green Swallow

Violet-green Swallow: Small swallow, sinister, metallic green upperparts, many-colored purple rump. Face, sides of rump, underparts are white colored. Tail is actually somewhat forked.

Black proposal, legs and shoes. Swift, stylish trip, rotates a number of quick wing pounds along with long glides. Soars on updrafts and also thermals.

Western Tanager

Western Side Tanager: Medium-sized tanager along with smart red scalp, bright yellow physical body, black back, wings, and rear. Airfoils possess 2 bars: uppermost bar is yellowish, lesser bar is white. Feet and also legs are actually grey.

Female is olive-green above, with gray back and yellow underparts. Swift straight air travel on rapidly beating airfoils. It was first videotaped on the Lewis and Clark exploration.

Loggerhead Shrike

Face mask is actually black and also neck is actually white. Airfoils are actually dark with white patches. Rear is actually long, black, and also white-edged.

Varied Thrush

Varied Thrush: Large yeast infection, sinister gray upperparts, rust-brown throat, bosom, edges, eyebrows, dark bosom band, as well as white stomach and undertail.

Wings are actually dark gray along with two rust-brown bars. Rear is actually dark gray along with white colored edges. Feet as well as legs are actually brownish. Straight, fast air travel on rapidly hammering airfoils.


Dickcissel: Medium-sized, chunky, sparrow-like bird. The Male (shown in history) has a dark gray back and also head, as well as black-streaked shoulders. Skin is actually gray along with yellowish eyestripe and also boob is yellowish. V-shaped bib is actually black.

Wings are brown along with chestnut-brown spots. The woman (displayed in foreground) as well as winter months adult have actually brownish streaked upperparts and no black bib. The juvenile is brown and daubed.

Lazuli Bunting

Lazuli Bunting: Small finch, sky-blue upperparts, cinnamon-brown bust and sides, white belly. Dark parts with white segment club. Forages on ground, little in bushes and also trees. Eats seeds, bugs, caterpillars. Quick flights, alternates swift segment pounds with short time frames of parts pulled to sides.

Painted Bunting

Painted Bunting: Colorful, medium-sized bunting. The man (shown in history) has a bronze-green back, bright red eyering, rump and also underparts. Head as well as neck are actually blue.

Wings are actually dark with environment-friendly shoulder patches. The female (received foreground) has green upperparts, yellow-green underparts and dark wings.

Blue Grosbeak

Blue Grosbeak: Large finch, bright purple-blue body system, black face, and also two large, brownish wingbars. Dark wings, rear. Swift tour, varies fast wing beats with segments pulled to edges.


Head possesses specific aigrette and quick, thin, dark expense. Wings have big white colored patches visible in trip. Legs and feet are actually dark.

American Avocet

American Avocet: Long-legged shorebird with long, slim, upcurved measure as well as distinct black-and-white spine as well as sides.

Scalp and back are vivid rust-brown during summer months. Legs and also shoes are gray. Devour invertebrates, bugs, as well as shellfishes. Sturdy direct air travel along with back expanded.


Willet: This large sandpiper has bespeckled gray-brown upperparts, white rump as well as softly daubed and also banned white colored underparts, white tail with dark brownish recommendation, and also blue-gray leg. Broad white stripes on dark wings are actually obvious in air travel.

Calliope Hummingbird

Calliope Hummingbird: Very small hummingbird, metallic environment-friendly upperparts and also flanks, white underparts.

Throat feathers are long, purple-red, seeming like streaks on a white history, hairs when fluffed out, or even darker, inverted V when folded. Direct and also floating tour along with incredibly rapid airfoil beats.

Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird: Medium hummingbird, bright rufous-brown general with white breast and ear mend, red-orange neck, as well as greenish shoulders. Rounded tail is actually rufous along with dark upper hands.

Western Wood Pewee

Western Side Wood-Pewee: Medium-sized flycatcher with ordinary olive-gray upperparts as well as light olive-gray underparts. The wings are actually black along with pair of white bars. Weak ruffling flight with superficial fast airfoil beats.

Brewer’s Sparrow

Brewer’s Sparrow: Medium sparrow with carefully daubed gray-brown upperparts, light eye-ring, dark moustache red stripe, and also plain, pale gray underparts. Quick air travels with quickly pounding wing strokes rotating with parts pulled briefly to edges.

Marbled Godwit

Marbled Godwit: This huge sandpiper has actually black-marked, dark brownish upperparts, and lightly banned, chestnut-brown underparts. It has a lengthy pink measure along with a dark pointer that is actually a little upcurved. Its own light brownish under wings are visible in air travel.

Devour shellfishes, shellfishes, earthworms, berries, insects and seeds. It has a swift and straight air travel. Genders similar, however man is actually much smaller along with a brighter expense bottom.

Ancient Murrelet

Early Murrelet: Small, oceanic seabird along with dark scalp as well as dark gray back as well as airfoils. White underparts present up onto the face as a jowl spot.

Chestnut caught Longspur

Nape is actually chestnut-brown, crown is dark, and neck is actually white. Tail is actually black along with firmly contrasting white exterior rear feathers.

Long touted Murrelet

Long-billed Murrelet: Small seabird with dark brownish upperparts and also darker brown preventing, paler neck as well as white eye-ring. Underparts are lighter brownish along with brown banning.

dark bill. Feet and also legs are brown. Compelling fast straight air travel, usually close to the water on fast airfoil beats.

Common Ground Dove

Eyes are reddish and expense is orange-red with dark recommendation. The wings reveal rufous primaries in tour. Swift straight flight along with quick wing beats.

White winged Dove

White-winged Dove: Medium-sized, substantial dove along with gray-brown upperparts, gray underparts, and also tiny, dark bow below eye.

The airfoils are actually dark grey along with broad white colored red stripes. Rear is actually brown and brief with white corners. Costs is actually grey. Feet as well as lower legs are actually reddish. Rapid direct air travel with rapid wing beats.

American White Pelican

United States White Pelican: Huge, white seabird, enormous broad airfoils show black primaries, exterior secondaries in trip. Slow, deep airfoil beats.

Eared Grebe

Eared Grebe: This small grebe has dark upperparts, dim chestnut-brown flanks and white underparts. The head and also neck are actually black. There are orange plumes on the face, the eyes are reddish, as well as the legs and shoes are dark.

Clay based tinted Sparrow

Clay-colored Sparrow: Medium sparrow along with black-streaked brownish upperparts and also lover underparts. The face is actually light along with carefully daubed crown, crisp brownish cheek spot, white colored eyestripe, and also grey neck.

Pink-gray lower legs and feet. Quick air travel, alternates several rapid segment pounds along with segments pulled to sides.

Long announced Curlew

Long-billed Curlew: Very large sandpiper with brownish mottled upperparts, buff-brown underparts with dark touches and also areas.

Measure is very long, decurved. Cinnamon-brown underwings obvious in trip. Feeds through penetrating mud along with costs or even soaking crown under water. Direct trip, steady, solid airfoil beats.

Black necked Stilt

Black-necked Stilt: Large shorebird along with sharply distinguishing dark upperparts and also white colored underparts. Reddish eyes along with white colored eye-rings, and also white mend over. Swift direct flight.

Kentucky Warbler

Scalp possesses black hide as well as hairs and strong yellow eyebrows. Expense is black, legs and feet are pink.

Greater White fronted Goose

Greater White-fronted Goose: This medium-sized goose has a dark-brown physical body and the underparts are stopped and flecked with dark.

The stubborn belly as well as under tail coverts are actually white colored. The front of the face possesses a white colored spot and also the bill is actually commonly pink-orange. The legs are actually orange. It devours seeds, grain, yards as well as berries. It has a constant straight air travel along with swift wing beats. The sexes are identical.

Ross’s Goose

Ross’s Goose: Small, white goose with black main plumes as well as fat gray-based red-orange expense. Red-orange legs and also feet.

Eats primarily new lawns and grains, often in the company of Snow Geese. Fast straight trip with powerful wing beats. Soars in a V formation. North America’s littlest goose.

Expanse Swan

Tundra Swan: This little swan is actually fully snowy white. It has a dark costs with a yellow place at the foundation and dark legs and also feet. Tough direct trip on constant wing beats.

Hooded Warbler

The eyes are actually darkened and sizable and the tail is actually commonly spread, showing large white colored places. Bill is actually black, legs as well as shoes are pink.

Connecticut Warbler

Connecticut Warbler: Large ground-walking warbler, olive-gray upperparts, boring yellow underparts. Head has a slate-gray hood and bold white eye-ring.

It was called for the condition where it was first discovered, where it is an unusual evacuee. Sometimes referred to as Swamp Warbler

Black throated Gray Warbler

Black-throated Gray Warbler: Small warbler, black-marked, slate-gray upperparts, black streaks on flanks, white underparts.

Scalp possesses black hood and also throat, sharply contrasting white eyebrow and cheek red stripe, as well as yellowish spot in front of eye. Airfoils are dim along with two white colored bars. Black expense, lower legs, shoes.

Cassin’s Kingbird

Disguise is dark gray, neck is actually white colored and also bust is grey. Tail is dark with gray or even white colored tip. Dark expense, feet and also lower legs.

Anchorite Warbler

Anchorite Warbler: Small warbler, gray upperparts, white colored underparts, black-streaked flanks. Scalp is yellowish with dark neck and nape. Airfoils are actually gray with pair of white colored bars.

Bill, lower legs and shoes are actually black. They devote many of their attend the tops of hard fir and also evergreen, making them tough to find.

Gray Flycatcher

Eye-ring is white colored. Wings are darkened along with 2 white colored bars. The rear is long, darkened, as well as possesses white colored sides.

MacGillivray’s Warbler

MacGillivray’s Warbler: Medium-sized warbler along with yellow underparts as well as olive-green upperparts. White eye-ring is actually damaged as well as slate gray bonnet encompasses upper bosom where it darkens to black. It scours for insects on or even short. As it hops, it usually flicks its tail back and forth.

Also Read : What Eats Birds

Prothonotary Warbler

Prothonotary Warbler: Medium-sized warbler along with olive-green spine and blue-gray wings and tail. Head, back, and also underparts are vivid yellowish and the undertail coverts are actually white colored.

Expense, lower legs as well as feet are actually dark. The only asian warbler that nests in plant cavities. As soon as gotten in touch with the Golden Swamp Warbler

Yellow throated Warbler

Yellow-throated Warbler: Medium warbler along with gray upperparts, yellow neck, face, and also top bust, white underparts along with dark spots on edges. Scalp possesses black skin patch, white colored brows.

Yellowish breasted Chat

Belly and undertail are actually white colored. Eyes possess white spectacles and darker eye spots. Expense, legs, and shoes are actually dark.

Hammond’s Flycatcher

Hammond’s Flycatcher: Small flycatcher, grey upperparts, gray-brown underparts, white colored eye-ring. Neck is ashen grey, tummy is actually ashen yellow.

Airfoils are dark along with two ashen bars. Prey on bugs. Black lower legs as well as feet. Inadequate fluttering straight air travel along with shallow wing rhythms. Sallies to take pests in sky.

Chuck-will’ swidow

Chuck-will’s- widow: Large nightjar with whole system complexly spotted along with brown, grey, as well as black. Dog collar is white, throat is actually brown, and also boob spot is darkened brownish.

The tail is actually white-edged. Feet as well as legs are brownish. Feeds in the evening, mostly on bugs. Bouyant, silent air travel along with flipping airfoil beats.

Painted Redstart

Painted Redstart: Medium warbler along with dark head, upperparts, bright red breast as well as belly. Wings are actually black with large, white colored patches. White arc under eye.

Rear is black with dense, white sides. It only consumes pests, as well as forages for them on the ground as well as in trees. It likewise captures them in trip.

Sprague’s Pipit

Sprague’s Pipit: Medium pipit along with daubed, brown upperparts, buff boob with sulky streaks, and also white throat as well as belly. Tail is actually brownish with white edges.

Thin, light bill. Lower legs are actually yellowish to fade brownish. Its own plumage blends well among savanna turfs, making it hard to place.

Red Flycatcher

Face possesses solid, black eye-line. Wings and also rear are gray-black; rear has thin white colored idea. Female has gray-brown upperparts, white colored underparts with brownish touches, and also a lighting to black salmon colored belly and vent.

Steller’s Eider

Steller’s Eider: Small eider along with black spine and also collar, white edges, buff-brown underparts with unique yet small black area on edge. Airfoils are actually white with dark primaries and also a white-bordered blue speculum.

Hill Plover

Head possesses brownish limit, white skin, and also dark eyestripe. The upperwings are actually brownish along with white colored bars and also black upper hands; underwings are actually white. Massachusetts Birds

Point out’s Phoebe

Mention’s Phoebe: Medium-sized, active flycatcher along with gray-brown upperparts and also head, paler gray throat as well as top breast, and dull rufous belly as well as undertail coverts.

The airfoils and rear are dark grey. Feeds mainly on bugs. Weak ruffling air travel along with superficial airfoil rhythms. Hawks from branch, floats. Massachusetts Birds

Sulphur bellied Flycatcher

Eyestripes are black and heavy with white edges. The airfoils are darkened as well as outlined along with white.

Ashthroated Flycatcher

Bill, legs, and shoes are actually black. Strong tour with superficial wing beats. Massachusetts Birds

Spectacular Frigatebird

Spectacular Frigatebird: Large black seabird, orange throat mend inflates in to a large bright red-orange balloon when in courtship screen. Massachusetts Birds

Wings are actually lengthy and slender. Rear is forked; shoes and legs are actually dark gray.

Cinnamon Teal

Cinnamon Teal: This little duck has sized dark brown upperparts, cinnamon-brown underparts, crown and also back, reddish eyes, long dark bill as well as yellow-gray lower legs.

White line separates green speculum and also pale blue shoulder mend on wing. Women is brown-scaled general along with plain blue shoulder patch, dark eyes and also light honed top jaw. Live on seeds and bugs. Swift direct air travel with swift wing beats. Massachusetts Birds

Pacific Loon

Pacific Loon: This medium-sized loon has a black-and-white polychromous back and also white underparts. It possesses a gray dental crown and nape, reddish eyes as well as a slender dark greenback. Many-colored throat spot can appear violet, green or black. Massachusetts Birds

Buff breasted Sandpiper

Buff-breasted Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper possesses a lover wash over the entire human body apart from for the white vent.

It has black-spotted and also spotted upperparts, slightly scaled underparts, a white eye ring, dark bill as well as yellow lower legs. It shows white wing linings in tour.

Pacific Golden Plover

Pacific Golden-Plover: This medium-sized plover is actually yellow-spotted. It has a darkened brown back, black skin and also black underparts with white-mottled flanks; a white colored S-shaped mark presents coming from above the eye to along sides. Massachusetts Birds

It has a slim, brief dark expense and black lower legs and also shoes. Ladies are actually duller in colour. Diet regimen features crawlers, bugs and worms. Swift straight flight with quick, constant airfoil beats.

Snowy Plover

Sinister spots on either side of higher bosom (partial breast band), behind eye, and on white colored forehead. Airfoils possess white colored red stripes noticeable in tour. Darker tail has white edges. Massachusetts Birds

Wilson’s Plover

Underparts are white except for black upper bust band. Head possesses white colored forehead spot edged in white colored and dark brows joining over bill.

Tufted Duck

Tufted Duck: Medium-sized duck has long black crest, dark back and also rear, white underparts and edges, black scalp, neck and breast with purple luster, black segments with dark-edged, white stripes apparent in air travel, gray legs and yellow eyes and feet. Massachusetts Birds

Women is actually brownish overall, dim bust, ashen edges, white colored belly and also grey proposal.

Terek Sandpiper

Terek Sandpiper: Medium-sized sandpiper with lightly spotted gray upperparts, white underparts, and gray clean on upper breast. Greenback is actually long, with orange at the bottom as well as rounded upward. Massachusetts Birds

Sharp stalked Sandpiper

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has dark brownish upperparts and also white underparts along with pale olive-brown streaks on bosom and sides. It possesses a rufous dental crown, white colored eye ring and dark brown airfoils.

The rear is actually darkened brown and pointed in tour. Feeds mainly on bug larvae but additionally takes mollusks and also crustaceans. Swift straight air travel with swift wing beats. Sexes are actually comparable. Massachusetts Birds

Fulvous Whistling Duck

Fulvous Whistling-Duck: Large, long-legged, long-necked duck along with dark brown spine and white V-shaped rump spot. Rear is dark along with white undertail coverts.

Baird’s Sandpiper

Baird’s Sandpiper: This medium-sized bird has scaled gray-brown upperparts, white underparts and a dark-spotted gray-brown boob. The neck, face and also dental crown are actually lover with clear brown touches. It has a white rump with a darkened core red stripe as well as dark lower legs and feet. Massachusetts Birds

Feeds on bugs and also crawlers. Swift direct trip along with quick airfoil beats; long wings permit them to create lengthy air travels. Sexes are similar.


Garganey: This little trifling with duck possesses black-streaked, grey upperparts, chestnut-brown varicolored face as well as bust, pale gray flanks, as well as a white red stripe over the eye that diminishes the neck.

The airfoils possess pale blue shoulder patches and a dim eco-friendly speculum with white perimeters obvious in tour. Quick direct air travel along with quick airfoil beats. Diet plan features aquatic invertebrates. Massachusetts Birds

Bartailed Godwit

Bar-tailed Godwit: This big shorebird possesses a long upcurved bill, scaled brown, grey as well as dark multicolor upperparts and pale red-brown underparts. The tail is actually white colored with darkened pubs as well as the shoes and legs are dim grey.

Black Rail

Black Rail: Smallest North American rail, mostly dark gray or even virtually dark along with white-speckled back, tummy, flanks. Feeble ruffling air travel with lower legs hanging. Massachusetts Birds

Clapper Rail

Clapper Rail: Large, raucous marsh bird, gray or brownish upperparts, vertical white-barred flanks and also stomach, aficionado or rust-brown bosom.

Note is long, slightly decurved. Gray lower legs, feet. Feeds at low tide on mudflats or hidden in salt marsh plants. Trip is actually little as well as ruffling over tight distances. In 2016 the American Ornithologist Union divided the Clapper Rail right into three types, the Clapper Rail, Ridgway’s Rail and also Mangrove Rail (certainly not in North America). Massachusetts Birds

Curlew Sandpiper

Curlew Sandpiper: This is a medium-sized sandpiper along with multicolor rufous, white colored and also black upperparts. Massachusetts Birds

The neck, head and boob are actually a wealthy rufous, while vent, under rear coverts and underwings are white colored. It possesses a lengthy black banknote that is somewhat decurved, and dark legs as well as feet.

Stylish Tern

Sophisticated Tern: Medium tern, dull grey upperparts, white underparts might possess pink tint. Black cap possesses shaggy peak; orange or even red-orange banknote is actually long, slightly decurved.

Eurasian Kestrel

Gray head, black moustache red stripe. Tail is black- as well as blue-gray banded along with black suggestion. Alternates rapid airfoil beats with a soar.

Franklin’s Gull

Franklin’s Gull: This medium-sized gull possesses a gray spine and white underparts. It has a black crown, white eye band, orange bill with a black blotch near the suggestion, and red-orange lower legs.

The airfoils are short along with white colored seen black suggestions. It possesses a strong direct flight with rich airfoil beats. It feeds mostly on terrestrial and aquatic bugs. The sexes are comparable; guys are actually somewhat larger. Massachusetts Birds

Little Stint

Little bit of Stint: This medium-sized sandpiper possesses scaled-brown upperparts and white underparts. The neck, boob as well as skin are actually rust-brown with dark positions.

The back possesses white lines that form a V-pattern in flight. It has a black costs, lower legs and shoes. It feeds by pecking at the surface area and also probing mud along with its own bill for tiny invertebrates. It has a direct tour along with fast wing beats. Sexes are comparable. Massachusetts Birds

Pomarine Jaeger

Pomarine Jaeger: The dar morph of this big jaeger is actually dark brownish other than white spots near underwing ideas as well as sides of under rear. Light morph has white colored back, light yellow collar, white colored lower breast, varicolored bosom band, edges.

Heavy act, dull base, 2 long central feathers twisted up and down on rear. Diet includes fish as well as little birds. Powerful stable flight along with strong wing beats. Sexes are identical. Massachusetts Birds

Violet Gallinule

Violet Gallinule: Medium, chicken-like marsh bird along with purple-blue upperparts washed with many-colored green, strong blue underparts. Massachusetts Birds

Forehead is light blue; act is yellow-tipped as well as reddish. Undertail coverts are white colored. Lower legs are actually yellowish with long feet. The air travel is striven and also slow-moving along with dangling lower legs.

Red Necked Stint

Red-necked Stint: This little sandpiper has spotted brownish upperparts and also daubed cap. Underparts are white colored; upper breast is actually noticed and rust-brown.

The face and also neck are rust-brown and the costs, feet as well as lower legs are. Seeks on shore; often probings mud. Feeds on algae and also water vegetations, pests and insect larvae. Swift straight tour along with swift wing beats. Sexes are identical. Massachusetts Birds

Ruddy Turnstone

Ruddy Turnstone: This medium-sized sandpiper has red-brown upperparts, white colored rump and also underparts, and also a black-marked face. It has a short, dark, a little upturned bill, a white rear along with a dark incurable band, as well as orange lower legs and shoes.

The wings possess an one-of-a-kind brown, dark, and also white colored design obvious in flight. Feed upon invertebrates. Swift direct flight with quick airfoil beats. Sexual activities are actually similar. Massachusetts Birds

Sabine’s Gull

Sabine’s Gull: Small gull along with gray spine and also white colored neck, rump, and also underparts. Bonnet is solid dark and also eye-ring is actually dark red.

Bill is dark with yellowish recommendation; lower legs as well as shoes are black. The upperwings are gray with black primaries and also white colored secondaries. When folded, tail is actually somewhat forked.

South Polar Skua

South Polar Skua Dark: This small, gull-like skua happens in 2 colour stages. Black period grownup possesses a dark brown body system with a sizable white colored spot at bottom of primaries noticeable in flight. Dark expense, heavy and massive; short, extensive tail.

Light-toned phase grownup possesses dull gray-brown crown and also underparts. Devour fish, squid and krill. Tough direct tour with superficial wing beats. Sexual activities are actually identical. Massachusetts Birds

Roaming Tattler

Wandering Tattler: This medium-sized sandpiper has sound grey upperparts and also greatly black-and-white barred underparts. It has actually a carefully streaked face, a dark eye pipe, lengthy black proposal, white colored eye ring as well as dull yellow lower legs as well as shoes.

Eat insects, earthworms, mollusks as well as larvae. Quick, direct flight with swift wing beats. Sexes are actually comparable. Massachusetts Birds

Wilson’s Phalarope

Wilson’s Phalarope: This medium-sized sandpiper possesses gray-brown upperparts, red-brown streaks on spine as well as shoulders, red-brown markings on white underparts, gray dental crown, white colored face, black eye-line, a black needle-like expense, grey wings as well as a white colored rear and rump. Massachusetts Birds

Female is actually brighter; paler crown and grayer upperparts. Prey on crane flies and salt water shrimp. Swift direct flight along with quick airfoil beats.

Yellowish Rail

Yellowish Rail: Small rail along with dull yellow-striped, sulky brown upperparts. White neck, addict breast, flanks, and tummy are actually barred black-and-white. Massachusetts Birds

Head has lover deal with black brown cap, eye patches. Costs needs, yellow. Wings are actually dark with large white spots apparent in trip. Quick dark tail.

Boat stalked Grackle

Boat-tailed Grackle: Large, bird along with a very long, keel-shaped rear. Male is rainbowlike blue-black along with brown or yellowish eyes. Black measure is actually slender as well as long.

Legs and feet are gray. Forages walking on ground and also pitching in water. Sturdy direct trip along with rapidly beating wings.

Greater Prairie Chicken

Greater Prairie-Chicke: Medium grouse, disallowed along with brownish and also aficionado (or white). Short, dark brown tail, legs are feathered to the feet.

Yellowish moved Blackbird

Yellow-headed Blackbird: Medium-sized blackbird with black body system, sunny yellow hood and breast, and specific white colored airfoil spots. Expense, lower legs and shoes are black.

Dark moved Gull

Black-headed Gull: Small, white colored gull along with limited bonnet, white bows above and listed below eye, and white-gray back. Wings with black tips as well as dark bases of primaries. Youth like winter months grownup however even more dark on wing as well as rear with dark suggestion. Massachusetts Birds

Harris’s Sparrow

Harris’s Sparrow: Large sparrow with dark-streaked, brown upperparts and white colored underparts with dark-streaked sides. Gray cheek spot is actually denoted by a slim, black line.

LeConte’s Sparrow

LeConte’s Sparrow: Small sparrow, brown-streaked back, brown-streaked grey neck, dull grey underparts with touches on sides, pale yellow bust. Head is level with brown stripes.

Face is actually ashen yellow-orange with gray cheeks. Lower legs, shoes are actually pink-brown. Name replaced in 2017 from Le Conte’s Sparrow to LeConte’s Sparrow. Massachusetts Birds

Lucy’s Warbler

Lucy’s Warbler: Small warbler with pale grey upperparts, rust-brown dental crown as well as rump, white colored underparts. Eye ring is white. Massachusetts Birds

Thayer’s Gull

Thayer’s Gull: Having possessed full species status since 1973, since 2017, the AOU considers this gull to become a subspecies of the Iceland Gull and also has actually lumped it there certainly. To observe this please jump to the Iceland Gull types account.

New subspecies vary maps for this bird will certainly be available in the upcoming iBird update at which opportunity we are going to resign the Thayer’s Gull as it’s personal species.

White tailed Ptarmigan

White-tailed Ptarmigan: Small grumble, mottled brown overall, white on airfoils, boob, belly, reddish eye comb, white-edged brown tail, lower legs covered with white feathers.

It is the smallest of the ptarmigans, as well as the only one that nests south of Canada. Daily lives the majority of its own life over timberline.

Summer season Tanager

Summer Tanager: Large tanager, dark-red overall along with a sizable, pale gray bill. Legs and also shoes are grey. It is the only totally reddish bird in North America. Women possesses olive-yellow upperparts as well as ordinary yellowish underparts. Massachusetts Birds

Some reddish morph ladies have a reddish clean, red smudges, or even are totally red. It provides services for eating and also wasps, which is why it is additionally known as the honey bee bird. Swift straight tour along with simple wing strokes.

Mountain range Bluebird

Throat and boob are paler blue, and belly as well as undertail coverts are actually white. Female is grey total with blue airfoils, rump, and also tail.

Sage Thrasher

Sage Thrasher: Small thrasher, gray upperparts, dark-streaked white underparts with light brownish clean. Wings are dark with thin, white colored bars. Tail is dark with white colored sections. Massachusetts Birds

McCown’s Longspur

McCown’s Longspur: Medium-sized sparrow along with daubed gray upperparts, bare grey underparts, as well as darker breast.

The head has a black the throne, white colored skin as well as throat, as well as a stout, massive expense. White tail has analysis black upside down T. Wings possess chestnut-brown bars. Dark lower legs as well as shoes.

Brownish Booby

Brownish Booby: This big seabird is actually usually sulky brownish along with white colored under wing coverts, tummy and air vent.

It has a blue-gray to yellow dollar and also yellow lower legs and shoes. It possesses alternating strong quick wing beats as well as glides.

Lark Sparrow

Lark Sparrow: Medium sparrow with streaked, gray-brown upperparts as well as aficionado underparts along with dark boob stain. Scalp has black, white, and chestnut-brown stripes.

Tail is dark and longer with white colored edges. Short, ruffling tour, varies quick part beats along with segments took to edges. Massachusetts Birds

Green Tailed Towhee

Dental crown is rufous, throat is white along with black red stripes, and expense is grey. Quick bouncy tour, rotates several easy wing beats with wings pulled to sides.


Anhinga: Large, dark waterbird along with long tail, snake-like back, little crown, red eyes, and long olive-brown measure.

Physical body is actually green-black total with silver-gray feathers appearing speckled as well as grizzled on top back as well as forewings. Also Known As snakebird and also water chicken. Commonly soars like a raptor. Massachusetts Birds

Johnson’s Longspur

Smith’s Longspur: Medium sparrow, yellow-brown daubed upperparts, dark head along with white eyebrow as well as ear spot, as well as yellow-brown nape, throat, and also underparts. Massachusetts Birds

Wings have huge white colored bars. Tail is actually dark with white edges. Yellow-brown legs and feet. Live on seeds, spiders, and also pests.

Alarm’s Vireo

Alarm’s Vireo: Small vireo, pale, damaged eye-ring, thick, slightly squashed connected expense, one or even 2 faint airfoil bars. Upperparts are gray as well as underparts are actually white colored with pale yellowish wash on sides.

Barnacle Goose

Barnacle Goose: Medium goose, unique white face, jet-black scalp, back, and also upper boob. Tummy is actually white colored. V-shaped white rump spot and also silver-gray underwing cellular linings are actually noticeable in flight.

Audubon’s Shearwater

Audubon’s Shearwater: Small, chunky seabird along with sulky white colored underparts and also brownish upperparts. Underwing coverts are actually white. Alternates quick airfoil defeats along with glides.

Yellow Bellied Flycatcher

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher: Small flycatcher along with olive-green upperparts, yellowish underparts, and also olive-green clean on boob. Eyeglasses are pale yellowish.

The wings are actually black along with 2 white colored bars. Eat a variety of pests and also spiders. Poor trembling flight with shallow rapid wing rhythms. Massachusetts Birds

Shiny Cowbird

Shiny Cowbird: Small blackbird with violet shine on head, back, bust. Eyes are darkened. Dark bill, legs, feet. Seeks on ground, walking with rear cocked over back.

Consumes insects, caterpillars, seeds as well as rice. Swift direct flight on fast wing beats. Journeys alone or even in small groups.

Usual Chaffinch

Usual Chaffinch: Medium finch. Buff body system. Crown as well as nape are actually blue-gray; tummy as well as air vent are white. Massachusetts Birds

Darker airfoils with white colored shoulder patches and solitary white pubs. Forages in plants, bushes. Consumes seeds and insects. Skipping tour, varies swift part beats with segments pulled to edges.

Hoary Redpoll

Hoary Redpoll: Small finch (exilipes), buff-gray, brown-streaked upperparts and brown-streaked white colored underparts cleaned pink. Crown possesses red cap, black jaw spot.

Dark wings with 2 white colored bars. Rump is actually pale gray or even white with few or no streaks. Dark tail is actually notched. Dark legs and shoes. Massachusetts Birds

Swainson’s Warbler

Swainson’s Warbler: Medium-sized warbler along with olive-brown upperparts and ashen gray underparts. Head has brownish limit, white eyebrows, and dark eye-lines.

Airfoils are plain olive-brown. It hides in heavy thickets, where it scours on the ground trying to find crawlers, pests, and caterpillars.

Bohemian Waxwing

Bohemian Waxwing: Large waxwing along with gray upperparts, pink-gray crest, dark face mask as well as chin, and also grey underparts.

The airfoils are dark with a clear yellowish or white colored line as well as red locations on secondaries (visible when folded up). Rear is actually yellow-tipped and also sulky with cinnamon-brown undertail coverts. Massachusetts Birds

Townsend’s Solitaire

Eye-ring is white colored and also thin. Outer rear plumes are white colored.


Underparts are actually brown-barred white colored on breast and also edges, as well as white colored on stubborn belly. Tail is actually dark gray to dark. Fast and strong air travel on swiftly pounding wings. Massachusetts Birds

Northern Wheatear

Northern Wheatear: Small thrush (oenanthe), along with gray upperparts, black airfoils, mask, and also tail. Underparts are actually white colored, as well as buff-brown clean on neck.

Dark gray back and neck. Incredibly active bird, nervous and also troubled while foraging. Bobs rear and also typically produces brief air travels to war hawk insects.

Plumbeous Vireo

Plumbeous Vireo: Medium vireo, grey back, white throat and also underparts, olive-gray edges, yellow-washed flanks. Wings are darker grey with pair of white bars.

Cassin’s Vireo

Cassin’s Vireo: Small vireo, olive-gray upperparts, white underparts, dull yellowish flanks. Head is actually grey with white eye-ring that encompasses eyebrow.

Airfoils are actually sulky along with pair of white colored bars. Up until the 1990s was actually categorized as the Solitary Vireo, in addition to the Blue-headed and Plumbeous Vireos. Massachusetts Birds

Cave Swallow

Cave Swallow: Small swallow (Southwest pelodoma), with steel-blue upperparts, white underparts, rufous laundry on bosom as well as edges. Swift, elegant air travel, rotates many fast, deep-seated wing pounds along with long curving glides.

Rock Wren

Rock Wren: Medium wren along with white-speckled gray upperparts, brownish rump, white-over-black eye eyebrow, white colored throat as well as bosom along with fine grey streaks, as well as buff-yellow flanks and also belly.

The long tail is actually buff-and-black disallowed, as well as possesses a dull pointer; undertail coverts are white colored with dark pubs.

Boreal Chickadee

Boreal Chickadee: Large chickadee, brown upperparts, sinister brown limit, little dark bib, gray face and also back, white jowl, rufous sides, white colored underparts.

Gray segments, tail. Short, weak trips on rapidly beating wings. Alternates many easy, shallow strokes with parts pulled to edges.

Dark Vulture

Dark Vulture: Large raptor, black overall, short, featherless neck, dull currency, brief as well as bribed rear, long, light gray legs and also shoes.

Gray-black skin on head and also back is actually lined. White-tipped airfoils, kept straight in tour. Rises on thermals, should flap its own airfoils more frequently than a Turkey Vulture.

Couch’s Kingbird

Sofa’s Kingbird: Large flycatcher, olive-green upperparts, gray scalp, sinister eye patch, white neck, sunny yellow underparts. Dark lower legs and feet.

Fork Tailed Flycatcher

Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Medium-sized flycatcher with dull grey upperparts, dark scalp, low-profile yellow top stripe, as well as white underparts. Airfoil coatings are actually white.

Gray Kingbird

Gray Kingbird: Large flycatcher along with grey upperparts, black face mask, low-profile reddish dental crown mend, and typically white underparts along with light yellow wash on stubborn belly as well as undertail coverts. Bill is long and dark. Airfoils as well as scratched tail are actually darkened. Fluttering direct trip on superficial wing rhythms.

Scissor Tailed Flycatcher

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher: Medium flycatcher along with light grey upperparts and also scalp, white colored underparts and also neck, salmon-pink sides and flanks, and dark brownish wings with white upper hands.

Rear is actually scissor-like and lengthy, dark above along with white colored outer edges and also white colored below with black internal sides.

Exotic Kingbird

Tropical Kingbird: Large flycatcher along with olive-gray upperparts, grey scalp, inconspicuous orange crown spot, pale throat, dark eye spot, and sinister higher boob.

Underparts are bright yellowish. Airfoils and rear are brown. Eat pests, frogs, berries and also fruits. Weak trembling trip.

Lark Bunting

Lark Bunting: Large sparrow, nearly black with big white wing spots, small, white-edged tail, and also heavy, blue-gray bill.

Scours in groung, low greenery. Sturdy flight, alternates superficial wing beats along with concise time frames of parts took to sides. It is actually the condition bird of Colorado.

United States Three Toed Woodpecker

United States Three-toed Woodpecker: Medium woodpecker with black-and-white disallowed upperparts, dark head, yellow top, white colored eye-line, neck, boob, as well as belly, as well as diagonally stopped white colored flanks. Airfoils are black with white blotches; rump is dark; rear is dark with white exterior feathers.

Atlantic Puffin

Atlantic Puffin: Medium seabird with dark upperparts, white colored underparts, white colored face, and big, parrot-like, orange and also gray expense. Eyes neighbored through orange as well as black taggings; feet as well as legs are actually bright orange.

Eurasian Collared Dove

Eurasian Collared-Dove: Medium plunged, pale grey overall along with darker cinnamon-brown clean over back. Nape is annular with half-black collar that carries out certainly not reach throat.

Parts are actually stippled grey along with dark primaries. Rear is long, broad, edged with white (black near foundation). Pink lower legs, shoes.

Abbot Parakeet

Monk Parakeet: Medium parakeet, green generally, gray forehead, jowls, traditions, neck. Bust is grey, variably prevented through black sides on plumes. Wings are boring eco-friendly along with blue air travel feathers.

Dark assigned Petrel

Black-capped Petrel: Large petrel with white colored underparts, dark brown to black back and also top wings, dark hat, and also white collar (this field result is actually overlooking in some birds).

Tail is long, dim, as well as wedge-shaped; underwings show wide darkened frames. Addicted proposal is actually dark, legs are pink. High arcing trip.

Ingest Tailed Kite

Swallow-tailed Kite: The biggest of North America kites, possesses dark upperparts which contrast with white head as well as underparts. In air travel it reveals long sharp airfoils with black tour plumes as well as white airfoil cellular linings.

Black Tailed Godwit

Black-tailed Godwit: Large, high godwit with black-barred, orange-brown physical body. Orange-brown head as well as back, and also white mark in between eye as well as bill; combination of noticeable white colored rump, white colored wing bar, and clean white colored underwings is special amongst the godwits. Black-tipped yellow bill is and also long.

Broad Billed Sandpiper

Broad-billed Sandpiper: Small sandpiper with a lengthy bill that arcs down at the pointer. Pale-edged darker brownish plumes on upperparts give a scaled appeal; back gives 2 dull streaks in air travel; underparts are white colored along with black spots on breast as well as neck. Crown possesses dark hat and also forked white colored eyebrows.

Eurasian Curlew

Sizable, decurved bill, dark uppermost mandible, lesser jowl has pink bottom. In flight it shows prominent white colored reduced back, rump, and also underwing linings.

Violet Sandpiper

Violet Sandpiper: Medium sandpiper, upperparts are actually sized gray-brown, dental crown is darker, and also white colored underparts are daubed.

Bill is actually dark along with a yellow base as well as a little decurved. Wings possess big white red stripes obvious in trip; tail possesses dark main stripe over and is actually white colored below.

King Rail

King Rail: Large rail along with long, orange-based bill. Brown and also red-brown multicolor upperparts. Underparts are actually orange-brown along with firmly disallowed black, white flanks.

Famous chestnut-brown spot on wing shows up on status as well as flying birds. Feeds in shallow water or even mudflats left open at low tide.

North Lapwing

North Lapwing: Large, distinct plover along with black bosom, skin, the throne, as well as long ethical head plumes; back is actually green-tinged violet as well as copper.

Tummy and edges are white colored, uppertail is actually white colored along with a dark pointer, and also undertail coverts are wealthy rufous-orange. Parts are actually dim with white colored ideas; lower legs are actually pink.

Typical Ringed Plover

Common Ringed Plover: Plump little plover with darkened gray-brown upperparts, true white underparts, and powerful black mask and also upper body band. Direct flight with quick wing beats.

Eskimo Curlew

Eskimo Curlew: Small curlew, brownish multicolor upperparts, buff underparts spotted and also stippled brownish, and light sugar-cinnamon airfoil coatings. Wings visibly long on perched bird.

United States Oystercatcher

American Oystercatcher: Large shorebird along with white colored underparts, brown upperparts, dark hood, long, bright red-orange acute bill. White airfoil patches obvious in flight. Yellow eyes bordered by orange eye-rings. Legs as well as shoes are actually pink. Live on mussels and also other bivalves. Swift direct flight.

Red Billed Tropicbird

Red-billed Tropicbird: This slim, white colored, gull-like seabird is the most extensive steamy bird. It possesses long white rear banners, a white colored back that is finely barred in dark, a black eye red stripe contours that upwards responsible for the eye, black primaries, and also a reddish proposal.

Women resembles the man yet is actually less tinged along with reddish. Feed upon fish and squid. Direct, fast tour; pigeon like, tense, shallow airfoil beats.

Pink Footed Goose

Pink-footed Goose: Short-necked goose along with blue grey wrap and airfoil coverts, white stubborn belly, dark brownish scalp, neck.

Pale feather suggestions generate disallowing on upperparts and also flanks. Pink lower legs and shoes. Costs is actually pink along with a brownish tip and also base. Swift straight trip along with solid airfoil beats. Flies in V development.

Dark Tailed Gull

Black-tailed Gull: Large gull with white colored crown, neck, bosom, and also underparts; light-toned charcoal-gray wings and back; large yellow costs with black band above reddish idea; pale yellow eyes with reddish orbital ring; quick yellow lower legs and shoes; long airfoils; warning brief black rear with white side.

Constrained Tern

Dark crown, neck separated coming from gray-brown upperparts by creamy colored dog collar. Chevron-shaped white colored temple patch prolongs behind eye. Black costs, legs.

Brown Noddy

Brownish Noddy: This medium-sized tern is actually brownish apart from for the white colored temple mixturing to a grey nape as well as a tiny white lesser half-eye ring.

It has black lower legs and feet and also a lengthy slimmer measure. It possesses a strong swift air travel with constant wing beats.

Gull Billed Tern

Gull-billed Tern: Lightest North American tern. Black cap that prolongs below eyes, down nape; pale grey upperparts that are darker at the wingtips; short, stout black bill and also dark lower legs, feet; long airfoils along with lengthy external primaries. Firsthand tour with stylish, shallow airfoil beats.

Sooty Tern

Sooty Tern: This medium-sized tern has long airfoils, a deeply forked rear, black crown, neck, and also upperparts as well as a vast triangular white forehead patch.

The underparts are white; upper rear is dark along with white colored outer upper hands. It possesses a straight trip along with powerful, shallow airfoil beats. It floats just before plunging for victim. It lives on squid and also fish. Sexual activities are comparable.

Cory’s Shearwater

Cory’s Shearwater: Large gray-brown shearwater, white underparts, ashen yellow bill. Feeds in the evening on crustaceans as well as big sqiud it takes from the surface area.

Greatest pinpointed through its own reasonably slow, lethargic air travel matched up to various other shearwaters. Airfoils kept downward. Shoots up on gotten airfoils if wind is up.

Great Skua

Great Skua: Large, heavy-bodied seabird, popular white colored patch in main plumes. Powerful direct flight along with consistent superficial wingbeats.

Cream Color Gull

Cream color Gull: A pure white gull whose whole life is actually limited to the side of the floating pack ice. Lower legs dark, costs dusky with yellow pointer.

It eats fish, lemmings, pests as well as crustaceans, and is actually likewise an energetic scavenger. Bouyant, elegant air travel. Typically soars along with feets tracking and dangling beneath.

Little bit of Egret

Little Egret: Medium-sized, all white colored egret along with plumes on scalp, breast, and back. Legs are actually dark along with yellow feet. Dark expense, and yellow folklores.

Ross’s Gull

Ross’s Gull: The pink gull of the higher Arctic. Small gull, pale grey upperparts, gray-white neck, white neck along with lean black dog collar, as well as white, wedge-shaped rear; underparts are actually variably pink. Dark bill is quite short; legs, feet are orange-red. Typically preys on mudflats like a wader.

Sandwich Tern

The upperparts are extremely dull gray, virtually white, as well as the underparts are actually white. The dark crown has a low black peak, the white colored rear is deeply forked, as well as the shoes and legs are actually dark.

Yellow Legged Gull

Yellow-legged Gull: Large white gull, tool grey upperparts and also red place on vivid yellow costs; lower legs as well as feet are actually yellowish. Rear is actually white.

Masked Duck

Masked Duck: Small stifftail duck with black-tipped blue expense and also black mask with lean white eye-ring. Body is rufous-brown along with dark touches on the spine and sides; white segment spots show up in flight. Eat marine plants, shellfishes and also insects. Direct air travel along with fast airfoil beats.

Northern Gannet

White on the whole along with black primaries and also long pointed airfoils. Costs, legs, and also shoes are actually gray. Alternates swift wing hammers with short glides.

Band Rumped Storm Petrel

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel: This is a black-brown storm-petrel with gray-brown wing clubs and an obvious white band all over the rump as well as large, somewhat notched tail.

It possesses a dark costs, legs and shoes. It has a resilient, tortuous flight, rotating a number of swift airfoil beats. It lives on invertebrates, small vertebrates and also occasionally carrion coming from the water’s area. The sexual activities are actually comparable.

Dark Browed Albatross

Black-browed Albatross: White crown, back, underparts, and black back, tail. Yellow costs along with reddish recommendation, pale pink-gray lower legs as well as feet. Easily identified by black tail, stiff part beats and lengthy slim pointed parts. Soars very easily for substantial periods of your time, may circle as well as coast for long hauls.

White Faced Storm Petrel

White-faced Storm-Petrel: The only Atlantic storm-petrel with the mixture of dark grey upperparts and white underparts along with a dark cap and also eyeline.

Long black legs trail behind squared rear in air travel. Cobweb in between feet is actually yellow. Alternates fast, shallow airfoil hammers with stiff-winged glides.

Yellowish Nosed Albatross

Yellow-nosed Albatross: Pelagic disgrace with pale gray head, back, rump, black back, upperwings, white colored underparts and black margin around white colored underwings. Red-tipped black expense has yellowish spot on top jowl.

Typical Eider

Common Eider: Large diving duck (v-nigrum), with distinguishing sloping forehead, dark body, white breast and also back. Airfoils are white with black key and indirect feathers.

Greater Scaup

Greater Scaup: This sizable diving duck possesses a glossy green-black head, white colored edges and stubborn belly, black rear, back and also bosom, prevented grey flanks as well as back.

The lady is actually dull brownish along with a white spot on the face at base of bill.

White Tailed Eagle

White-tailed Eagle: Fourth biggest eagle in the globe; has a dark brownish body, brownish and white daubed head, back as well as bosom and a white rear.

The bill, legs as well as feet are actually yellow, and the eyes are actually moderate brown. Massive air travel along with strong, deep, consistent airfoil pounds varying along with glides.

Also Read : Bird Characteristics

White Ibis

White Ibis: This seaside varieties is white overall with pink face skin, bill, and also lower legs that turn scarlet during the course of reproducing time. Dark tips on the main plumes are simply seen in trip.

Flies direct buildup along with neck as well as lower legs outstretched, roosts higher in plants as well as plants during the night.

Cackling Goose

Cackling Goose: This little to medium-sized goose has a mottled gray-brown body, dark legs, tail, back, face and crown, along with a white colored chin band stretching coming from ear to ear and a white colored rump band. Intense rich wing beats.

Brownish Chested Martin

The underparts are actually white along with a brownish upper body band and brownish on the flanks. Dark expense is actually brief, wide, and also a little decurved and forked rear is actually short to medium in duration.

Black-capped Petrel: Large petrel with white underparts, dim brown to dark back as well as upper airfoils, dark limit, as well as white dog collar (this field mark is actually skipping in some birds).

Orange-brown head and neck, and white score in between eye and act; mixture of famous white colored rump, white wing bar, as well as clean white colored underwings is actually special one of the godwits. Belly and edges are actually white, uppertail is white colored with a dark suggestion, as well as undertail coverts are actually abundant rufous-orange.

It has long white colored rear banners, a white colored spine that is finely prevented in dark, a black eye stripe contours that upwards behind the eye, dark primaries, and a red measure. Yellow-nosed Albatross: Pelagic albatross along with ashen grey head, back, rump, black back, upperwings, white colored underparts and black margin around white underwings.

Birds in Massachusetts by Species Type

This checklist is shown in the taxonomic pattern of the Check-list of North and Middle American Birds, 7th edition with the 60th Supplement, published by the American Ornithological Society (AOS). Scientific as well as usual names are additionally those of the Check-list.

Unless or else taken note, all varieties listed below are actually taken into consideration to occur frequently in Massachusetts as irreversible homeowners, summer or even winter site visitors, or migrants.

Ducks, Deese, and Waterfowl

Family: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and also a lot of duck-like waterfowl, including geese as well as swans. These birds are actually adjusted to a water presence along with knitted feet, expenses which are flattened to a better or even minimal level, and plumes that are actually superb at shedding water due to exclusive oils. Forty-eight varieties have been captured in Massachusetts.

  • Labrador duck, Camptorhynchus labradorius
  • Black scoter, Melanitta americana
  • Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos
  • Mute swan, Cygnus olor
  • Buffoon duck, Histrionicus histrionicus
  • Red-breasted merganser, Mergus serrator
  • Usual eider, Somateria mollissima
  • Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis
  • Disguised duck, Nomonyx dominicus
  • Green-winged teal, Anas crecca
  • Northern pintail, Anas acuta
  • White-winged scoter, Melanitta deglandi
  • Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola
  • Usual merganser, Mergus merganser
  • Sugar-cinnamon teal, Spatula cyanoptera
  • Greater white-fronted goose, Anser albifrons
  • Fulvous whistling-duck, Dendrocygna bicolor
  • Greater scaup, Aythya marila
  • Gadwall, Mareca strepera
  • Redhead, Aythya americana
  • Surf scoter, Melanitta perspicillata
  • King eider, Somateria spectabilis
  • Expanse swan, Cygnus columbianus
  • Ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris
  • Barrow’s goldeneye, Bucephala islandica
  • Steller’s eider, Polysticta stelleri
  • Timber duck, Aix sponsa
  • Canada goose, Branta canadensis
  • Eurasian wigeon, Mareca penelope
  • Hooded merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
  • United States wigeon, Mareca americana
  • Tufted duck, Aythya fuligula
  • Pink-footed goose, Anser brachyrhynchus
  • Ruddy duck, Oxyura jamaicensis
  • Garganey, Spatula querquedula
  • North shoveler, Spatula clypeata
  • Ross’s goose, Anser rossii
  • Typical goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
  • Snowfall goose, Anser caerulescens
  • Barnacle goose, Branta leucopsis
  • Long-tailed duck, Clangula hyemalis
  • Trumpeter swan, Cygnus buccinator
  • Black-bellied whistling-duck, Dendrocygna autumnalis
  • Canvasback, Aythya valisineria
  • Blue-winged teal, Spatula discors
  • Cackling goose, Branta hutchinsii
  • American duck, Anas rubripes
  • Brant, Branta bernicla

Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies

Family: Phasianidae

Phasianidae includes the pheasants and also their allies. These are actually earthbound types, variable in measurements but typically plump along with broad pretty quick airfoils.

Lots of species are gamebirds or even have been domesticated as a food source for human beings. Chickens have an unique plump wattle that hangs from the bottom of the beak and a plump process that puts up from the top of its own beak called a snood.

Just like many galliform species, the woman (the hen) is smaller than the man (the tom) and also a lot less vibrant. With wingspans of 1.5– 1.8 gauges (nearly 6 feets), the chickens are actually the most extensive birds in the open woodlands in which they live and also are actually hardly ever mistaken for any other types.

Complaint settle pleasant and also subarctic locations of the Northern Hemisphere. They are activity as well as are actually in some cases hunted for food items. In each Massachusetts varieties, men are actually polygamous and also possess fancy engagement display screens.

These greatly developed birds possess lower legs feathered to the toes. Most types are actually year-round residents and also perform not move. Five types have actually been actually videotaped in Massachusetts.

  • Greater prairie-chicken, Tympanuchus cupido
  • Wild turkey, Meleagris gallopavo
  • Willow ptarmigan, Lagopus lagopus
  • Ring-necked pheasant, Phasianus colchicus
  • Ruffed grouse, Bonasa umbellus

Pigeons and Doves

Family: Columbidae

Pigeons as well as doves are actually stout-bodied birds with limited necks as well as limited slim expenses with a fleshy cere. Eight types have actually been actually documented in Massachusetts.

  • Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds withRock pigeon, Columba livia
  • Guest pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius
  • European turtle-dove, Streptopelia turtur
  • Commonalities dove, Columbina passerina
  • Eurasian collared-dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  • Band-tailed pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata
  • Grieving jumped, Zenaida macroura
  • White-winged jumped, Zenaida asiatica


Family: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are actually tiny birds with the ability of floating in mid-air because of the fast flapping of their wings. They are actually the only birds that can fly back. 6 types have been actually tape-recorded in Massachusetts.

  • Black-chinned hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri
  • Rufous hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus
  • Allen’s hummingbird, Selasphorus sasin
  • Ruby-throated hummingbird, Archilochus colubris
  • Calliope hummingbird, Selasphorus calliope
  • Broad-billed hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris

Maybe that’s all we can write about Massachusetts Birds, hopefully useful.

Sometimes, when people ask what I do to make a living, I can't think of a better word than "writer". I am a student, web maker, writer, bird lover ... and many more.

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