Maryland Birds

An overall of 436 bird varieties have been recorded in Maryland. Of these, 222 species are actually recognized to possess nested in the state. Thirteen varieties are actually extinct, extirpated from Maryland as breeding species, or even have certainly not been actually captured as multiplying in the condition recently (ca. past twenty years) as well as might be extirpated.

These types consist of Bachman’s Sparrow, Ivory-billed Woodpecker, Swainson’s Thrush, Red-cockaded Woodpecker, Roseate Tern as well as Greater Prairie Chicken.

Seventy-two varieties of birds are actually unusual, imperiled or even threatened in Maryland. For a full listing of uncommon creatures in Maryland, satisfy click on this link. Species like the Mute Swan, House Sparrow, European Starling and House Finch are foreign to Maryland.

This list is actually based upon the Official List of the Birds of Maryland, 30 November 2011 model, collected by the MD/DC Records Committee of the Maryland Ornithological Society.

Types buying as well as titles conform to the Check-List of North American Birds, 51st edition, by the American Ornithologist’s Union. This checklist consists of accidentals, drifters as well as species taken into consideration extirpated or even extinct.

Right here are actually the names of birds in Maryland:

Table of Contents

Burrowing Owl

maryland birds

Tunneling Owl: Small ground-dwelling owl, primarily brownish with countless white colored areas and also no ear tufts. White jaw and also throat. Bouyant, erratic air travel with slow-moving, soundless wingbeats.

Mississippi Kite

maryland birds

Mississippi Kite: Small kite, sulky gray upperparts, ashen gray underparts and also scalp. Eyes are red. Upperwings are actually darkened gray with pale grey spots. Rear is black and lengthy. Feed upon big soaring insects. Bouyant flight along with consistent airfoil beats, rotates several wing strokes with quick to long glides.

For more details about the mississippi Kite, then you can watch the video below.

Swainson’s Hawk

maryland birds

Swainson’s Hawk: Large hawk, dim brownish upperparts, white neck, rufous top bosom, dull addict underparts. Rear is actually gray with faint pubs, dark terminal band, and white colored routing edge. Yellow legs, shoes. Alternates collection of effective serious airfoil beats with long glides. Shoots up on updrafts and thermals.

Reddish Egret

maryland birds

Reddish Egret: Medium egret along with blue-gray body system as well as shaggy, pale rufous head and neck. Expense is actually pink along with dark recommendation. Legs are blue-gray.

White morph has all-white quill, black-tipped pink bill, and black lower legs. Devour fish, frogs as well as crustaceans. Straight air travel along with resilient consistent airfoil beats.

Also Read : California Birds

Timber Stork

maryland birds

Wood Stork: Large, weird splashing bird, mainly white colored with the exception of dark tour plumes and tail. Upper neck and also scalp are dim and also featherless grey.

The measure is actually strong, long, and also bent downward. Feet and legs are actually gray dark. Replacements in between solid airfoil beats and also coasting. Rises on updrafts and thermals.

Sandhill Crane

maryland birds

Sandhill Crane: This sizable wading bird possesses a grey body system, white cheeks, chin, and upper throat, as well as a cherry hat. It has a darkened costs, dark lower legs as well as yellow eyes as well as feet.

It has a straight steady air travel on heavy and labored airfoil beats, with a decelerate stroke and also a quick as well as jerky upstroke. Soars in V or straight line buildups. Diet plan is actually hefty in seeds as well as grown grains. Sexual activities are actually identical.


maryland birds

Gyrfalcon: Large northern falcon with 3 colour morphs: dark, white, as well as gray. Sinister morph is actually dark gray with light touches on throat as well as top boob.

White morph is white colored along with sinister blemishes as well as taggings on wings, nape, as well as sides. Gray morph is actually a mix. The eyes, bill, and also legs of all morphs are yellowish.

Western side Grebe

maryland birds

Western Side Grebe: Large, long-necked grebe along with dark grey upperparts, white underparts, gray sides as well as flanks. Lesser face and front end of neck are actually white colored; black cap presents beneath eye. Back of back is actually black. Eyes are reddish. Measure is long, slim, and also plain olive-yellow.

Winter months birds are duller grey as well as juveniles are light-toned grey overall. Airfoils possess white colored stripes noticeable in flight.

Roseate Spoonbill

maryland birds

Roseate Spoonbill: Large ibis, pink body, white colored higher back, back. Lengthy greenback, spatulate and also grey. Alternates constant airfoil beats, brief glides.

Black-headed Grosbeak

maryland birds

Black-headed Grosbeak: Large, stocky finch, black-streaked, orange-brown back, dark head, wings, tail. Airfoils possess visible white patches. Women does not have black scalp and also throat, has brownish daubed upperparts as well as addict daubed underparts.

Spotted Towhee

maryland birds

Black breast, white belly, rufous sides. Wings are actually dark along with white places. Tail is lengthy and also dark with white colored sections.

Also Read : How Do Birds Sleep

Brewer’s Blackbird

maryland birds

Maker’s Blackbird: Medium-sized blackbird along with purple varnish on head as well as neck as well as green varnish on body system and airfoils. Eyes are actually yellowish. Follows farm tractors and also rakes.

Seeks on ground. Feeds on caterpillars, bugs, seeds, fruits and grains. Tough, straight and quick trip with swiftly beating airfoils.

Mew Gull

maryland birds

Mew Gull: Medium-sized gull with gray spine and also upperwings, and also white colored head, tummy, breast, as well as back. Bill is sunny yellow.

Wings possess white-spotted dark ideas; rear is actually white colored. Tootsies and lower legs are lifeless yellow. Elegant, bouyant tour. Billowy, with numerous rapid wingbeats and also a time out.

The golden state Gull

maryland birds

The golden state Gull: This is actually a medium-sized gull along with a white crown and also underparts, gray airfoils as well as dark wing ideas. It possesses a powerful direct tour with strong wing beats.

Bewick’s Wren

maryland birds

Bewick’s Wren: Small wren with unstreaked, gray to red-brown upperparts and also simple white colored underparts. White brows are conspicuous. Rear is actually lengthy and white-edged along with dark pubs.

Currency is long and somewhat decurved. Legs and shoes are actually gray. Eastern populaces are actually red-brown, Northwestern birds are more brownish, and Western Interior birds are actually gray-brown. Eastern populaces have actually seriously declined due to the fact that the 1960s.

Western side Meadowlark

maryland birds

It has a dark brown-and-white striped crown, sharply pointed bill as well as brownish rear with white colored sides. Flies poor, with fast shallow tight airfoil beats followed through quick glides.

Townsend’s Warbler

maryland birds

Segments possess two white bars. Rear possesses white colored sides, dark middle and pointer.

Usual Murre

maryland birds

Popular Murre: Medium seabird along with brown-black upperparts, throat, white colored underparts, and also long sulky note. Rear is short.

Some Atlantic birds have a slim white eye-ring and stripe stretching past the eye. May plunge to depths of much more than 240 feets. Live on fish and invertebrates. Also Known As Common Guillemot.

Anna’s Hummingbird

maryland birds

Anna’s Hummingbird: Medium hummingbird; male possesses bronze-green upperparts, dull gray underparts. Hood and throat are actually many-colored reddish, might appear dark or even black violet in low light; broken white colored eye-ring is commonly noticeable. Tail is darker greenish with black external tail feathers. Live on nectar, pests, crawlers, and also drain.

Bullock’s Oriole

maryland birds

Bullock’s Oriole: Medium oriole, usually sunny orange along with black dental crown, eye-line, throat red stripe, back, and core rear. Wings are black with large white colored spots. Scours in plants as well as bushes.

Devour bugs, berries, caterpillars and also fruit products. Sips nectar. Tough direct air travel along with quick airfoil beats.

Western Tanager

maryland birds

Western Side Tanager: Medium-sized tanager along with brilliant red head, brilliant yellowish body, dark back, airfoils, and also rear. Airfoils have 2 bars: upper bar is yellow, lesser bar is white. Swift straight flight on quickly beating wings.

Varied Thrush

maryland birds

Differed Thrush: Large thrush, sinister gray upperparts, rust-brown neck, breast, edges, brows, black boob band, and white colored belly and undertail. Rear is actually darker gray with white edges.


Dickcissel: Medium-sized, stocky, sparrow-like bird. The Male (displayed in background) possesses a dark grey back and also scalp, as well as black-streaked shoulders. Skin is actually grey with yellow eyestripe and also bust is yellow. V-shaped bib is black. Wings are actually brownish along with chestnut-brown spots.

The lady (shown in foreground) as well as winter grownup have brownish spotted upperparts and no black bib. The juvenile is actually brown and also spotted.

Lazuli Bunting

Lazuli Bunting: Small finch, intense blue upperparts, cinnamon-brown bosom as well as sides, white colored stomach. Dark parts with white colored wing club.

Painted Bunting

Wings are dark along with green shoulder patches. The girl (revealed in foreground) has environment-friendly upperparts, darker airfoils as well as yellow-green underparts.

United States Avocet

Legs and also shoes are gray. Sturdy direct flight with neck expanded.


Willet: This sizable sandpiper has bespeckled gray-brown upperparts, white rump and also gently spotted and also disallowed white underparts, white rear along with dark brown recommendation, as well as blue-gray leg. Broad white colored stripes on dark wings show up in trip.

Eat mollusks, shellfishes, insects and small fish. Tour is little as well as short, rotating quick airfoil pounds along with glides. Sexes are actually similar.

Calliope Hummingbird

Calliope Hummingbird: Very tiny hummingbird, metal eco-friendly upperparts as well as flanks, white underparts. Neck feathers are long, purple-red, seeming like touches on a white colored background, whiskers when fluffed out, or dark, inverted V when folded. Direct as well as hovering flight along with incredibly fast wing beats.

Rufous Hummingbird

Rufous Hummingbird: Medium hummingbird, bright rufous-brown general along with white boob and ear mend, red-orange neck, as well as dark-green shoulders. Straight as well as floating flight along with quick wing beats.

Western Wood-Pewee

Western Wood-Pewee: Medium-sized flycatcher with ordinary olive-gray upperparts as well as pale olive-gray underparts. Head possesses darker cap and also light peak. The airfoils are actually darker with 2 white bars. Live on berries, spiders as well as pests. Solitary and also quiet. Weaker trembling air travel along with superficial swift airfoil rhythms.

Baird’s Sparrow

Baird’s Sparrow: Small sparrow with pale-streaked, abundant dark brown upperparts, white underparts, as well as dark streaks on top breast as well as flanks.

Orange-brown dental crown is actually branded along with clear black lines. Legs and also shoes are actually pink-brown. Limited small air travels, alternates quick wing beats with segments took to edges.

Chestnut-collared Longspur

Nape is actually chestnut-brown, crown is actually dark, and also neck is white colored. Rear is black with definitely contrasting white colored external tail plumes.

Common Ground-Dove

Eyes are red and also bill is orange-red with black recommendation. The wings present rufous primaries in flight. Swift straight air travel along with quick airfoil beats.

Also Read : Bird Chirping at Night

White-winged Dove

White-winged Dove: Medium-sized, bulky jumped with gray-brown upperparts, gray underparts, and also tiny, dark bow listed below eye. The airfoils are dark grey along with apparent white colored stripes.

Rear is actually brief as well as brownish with white colored edges. Expense is actually gray. Legs and shoes are actually red. Swift straight tour along with quick wing beats.

United States White Pelican

United States White Pelican: Huge, white colored seabird, enormous broad wings show black primaries, exterior secondaries in trip. Expense, lower legs are actually luminous orange, upper bill creates a fibrous keel throughout bring up season. Slow, deeper airfoil beats. Escalates high on thermals. Soars direct or even V buildup.

Eared Grebe

Eared Grebe: This tiny grebe possesses dark upperparts, dim white colored underparts as well as chestnut-brown flanks. There are actually orange plumes on the skin, the eyes are actually red, as well as the feet as well as legs are dark. It has a direct trip with fast wing beats.

Clay-colored Sparrow

The face is dull along with carefully streaked crown, crisp brown cheek spot, white eyestripe, as well as gray nape. Brief flight, alternates a number of rapid part pounds along with wings pulled to sides.

Long-billed Curlew

Cinnamon-brown underwings apparent in air travel. Straight tour, consistent, solid wing beats.

Black-necked Stilt

Black-necked Stilt: Large shorebird with dramatically distinguishing dark upperparts and also white colored underparts. Long, thin, upcurved bill. Red eyes with white colored eye-rings, and also white colored mend over.

Legs are red-pink and remarkably lengthy. Feeds on insects, fish, earthworms, little shellfishes as well as seeds. Swift straight air travel.

Greater White-fronted Goose

Greater White-fronted Goose: This medium-sized goose possesses a dark-brown physical body and the underparts are actually disallowed and also flecked along with dark. The stomach and also under rear coverts are actually white. The front of the face possesses a white spot as well as the bill is actually usually pink-orange.

The lower legs are actually orange. It lives on seeds, grain, lawns as well as berries. It possesses a constant straight air travel with quick wing beats. The sexes are actually similar.

Ross’s Goose

Ross’s Goose: Small, white colored goose with dark major plumes and fat gray-based red-orange expense. Red-orange legs as well as shoes. Eats primarily new grasses as well as grains, frequently among Snow Geese. Quick straight trip with powerful wing beats. Flies in a V accumulation. The United States and Canada’s smallest goose.

Trumpeter Swan

Trumpeter Swan: Largest swan in the planet, totally white however along with head and neck typically stained rust-brown from contact along with ferrous minerals in wetland soils. Sturdy straight tour on steady wing beats.

Connecticut Warbler

Connecticut Warbler: Large ground-walking warbler, olive-gray upperparts, ordinary yellow underparts. Head possesses a slate-gray hood as well as daring white colored eye-ring.

Black-throated Gray Warbler.

Black-throated Gray Warbler: Small warbler, black-marked, slate-gray upperparts, dark streaks on flanks, white underparts. Scalp has dark hood and also throat, sharply contrasting white brow as well as jowl stripe, and also yellow spot before eye. Airfoils are darkened along with pair of white colored bars. Dark expense, legs, feet.

Pine Grosbeak

Pine Grosbeak: Large, durable finch along with red-washed black back, gray edges as well as undertail coverts, and also pink-red rump and underparts. Wings are dark with pair of ashen bars.

Hammond’s Flycatcher

Hammond’s Flycatcher: Small flycatcher, gray upperparts, gray-brown underparts, white colored eye-ring. Wings are dark with two ashen bars. Inadequate ruffling direct air travel with shallow wing rhythms.

Western Kingbird

Western Side Kingbird: Large flycatcher, gray upperparts, darker head, white throat and top bust, and also yellow reduced bust and also stomach. Rear is actually dark along with white colored edges. Bouyant ruffling tour on superficial wing beats.

Vermilion Flycatcher

Red Flycatcher: Small, stocky flycatcher, gray-black upperparts and scarlet-red dental crown, throat, and also underparts. Face has thick, black eye-line. Wings as well as tail are gray-black; tail has slim white suggestion.

Female has gray-brown upperparts, white underparts along with brownish streaks, and an illumination to black salmon colored belly and also air vent. Weak ruffling trip on shallow wing beats. When foraging, Hovers in display trip and also.

Say’s Phoebe

The airfoils and also rear are actually darker grey. Flimsy fluttering trip along with superficial airfoil rhythms.

Ash-throated Flycatcher

Ash-throated Flycatcher: Medium flycatcher with gray-brown upperparts, light gray neck as well as breast, and gray-brown tail along with rufous highlights. The pale yellow belly distinguishes this species coming from other Myiarchus flycatchers. Bill, lower legs, and also shoes are black. Compelling tour along with shallow wing beats.

Spectacular Frigatebird

Impressive Frigatebird: Large black seabird, orange throat patch blows up right into a substantial bright red-orange balloon when in courting display screen. Long dollar is gray, addicted. Airfoils are actually slim as well as lengthy. Rear is actually forked; feet and also legs are darker gray. Eats fish, shellfishes, jellyfish. High rising air travel.

Barrow’s Goldeneye

Barrow’s Goldeneye: Medium diving duck along with dark upperparts, contrasting white shoulder pubs, white underparts. Head is actually big, glossy, and also purple-black along with golden yellow eyes and a crescent-shaped white colored patch behind a dark costs. White wing spots show up in air travel. Yellow lower legs and also shoes.

Sugar-cinnamon Teal

Sugar-cinnamon Teal: This small duck has actually sized dark brown upperparts, cinnamon-brown underparts, head and also neck, red eyes, long dark banknote and yellow-gray legs. White line breaks down green speculum as well as dull blue shoulder patch on wing.

Women is brown-scaled total along with plain blue shoulder mend, dark eyes and pale honed upper jowl. Feeds on insects and also seeds. Swift direct air travel with fast airfoil beats.

Pacific Loon

Pacific Loon: This medium-sized loon possesses a black-and-white polychromous back as well as white colored underparts. It has a grey crown and nape, reddish eyes and also a slender dark dollar.

Iridescent throat spot can seem violet, environment-friendly or dark. Feeds usually on fish, some bugs and also crustaceans. Flight is straight along with swift airfoil beats. Sexes are actually comparable.

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Buff-breasted Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper possesses an enthusiast laundry over the whole system except for the white colored vent. It has black-spotted and daubed upperparts, somewhat sized underparts, a white eye ring, dark expense and also yellow lower legs. It demonstrates white colored wing coatings in flight.

Wilson’s Plover

Wilson’s Plover: Medium plover, gray-brown upperparts and cap. Underparts are white other than dark higher bust band. Crown possesses white temple patch edged in monochrome brows participating in above costs. Wings are dark along with white stripes visible in trip. White tail with faint brown central strip and also dark tip.

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper possesses dark brownish upperparts and white underparts along with pale olive-brown touches on breast as well as sides. It possesses a rufous dental crown, white colored eye ring and dark brown wings. Swift direct tour along with rapid airfoil beats.

Fulvous Whistling-Duck

Fulvous Whistling-Duck: Large, long-legged, long-necked duck along with dark brown back as well as white colored V-shaped rump patch. Rear is black with white undertail coverts.

Baird’s Sandpiper

Baird’s Sandpiper: This medium-sized bird has actually sized gray-brown upperparts, white underparts and a dark-spotted gray-brown breast. The face, dental crown and also neck are actually enthusiast along with pleasant brownish streaks.

It has a white rump with a darkened core red stripe and dark lower legs as well as feet. Devour pests and crawlers. Swift straight air travel along with rapid wing beats; long airfoils enable all of them to help make long trips. Sexes are comparable.

Arctic Tern

Arctic Tern: This is actually a medium-sized, slim tern with grey upperparts, dark limit, a white rump and throat, as well as dull grey underparts. The rear is profoundly forked and also white along with dark outlined external plumes. It possesses a resilient, stylish flight with steady wing beats.

Black Rail

Dark Rail: Smallest North American rail, typically dark grey or even virtually black along with white-speckled back, belly, flanks. Nape and also top back are chestnut-brown. Eyes are actually red. Eats seeds of water vegetations, lawns and grains, pests as well as small sea shellfishes. Feeble fluttering trip along with lower legs swaying.

Curlew Sandpiper

Curlew Sandpiper: This is a medium-sized sandpiper along with varicolored rufous, dark and white colored upperparts. The breast, head and also back are an abundant rufous, while air vent, under tail coverts as well as underwings are white. Swift straight tour with quick airfoil beats.

Franklin’s Gull

Franklin’s Gull: This medium-sized gull possesses a gray back and also white underparts. It possesses a dark head, white colored eye ring, orange bill along with a dark blemish near the idea, as well as red-orange legs. The airfoils are actually brief along with white colored seen black recommendations.

Pomarine Jaeger

Pomarine Jaeger: The dar morph of this particular large jaeger is actually dim brown with the exception of white spots near underwing recommendations and sides of under tail. Light morph has white colored back, pale yellow collar, white lesser boob, mottled boob band, sides.

Heavy bill, light foundation, two lengthy central feathers turned vertically on rear. Diet includes fish as well as small birds. Powerful stable air travel along with deep wing beats. Sexual activities are actually identical.

Purple Gallinule

Purple Gallinule: Medium, chicken-like marsh bird with purple-blue upperparts washed along with iridescent environment-friendly, rich blue underparts. Forehead is actually dull blue; act is reddish and yellow-tipped.

Undertail coverts are white colored. Lower legs are yellowish with lengthy feet. The flight is actually striven and also slow along with dangling legs.

Red-necked Stint

Underparts are actually white; upper breast is rust-brown and seen. The face and throat are rust-brown as well as the expense, legs and shoes are black. Swift straight air travel along with rapid wing beats.

Sabine’s Gull

Sabine’s Gull: Small gull along with grey spine as well as white neck, rump, and underparts. Hood is solid dark as well as eye-ring is dark red. Bill is black with yellow tip; shoes and also lower legs are dark. The upperwings are actually gray with dark primaries as well as white colored secondaries. Tail is slightly forked when folded up.

Wilson’s Phalarope

Wilson’s Phalarope: This medium-sized sandpiper possesses gray-brown upperparts, red-brown touches on back as well as shoulders, red-brown taggings on white colored underparts, gray dental crown, white colored skin, dark eye-line, a dark needle-like bill, grey wings as well as a white colored rear and rump. Swift direct tour along with fast wing beats.

Yellowish Rail

White throat, enthusiast breast, flanks, and also tummy are barred black-and-white. Wings are dark with big white spots obvious in tour. Brief dark rear.

Greater Prairie-Chicken

Greater Prairie-Chicke: Medium grouch, disallowed with brown and also enthusiast (or white). Yellow-orange eye combs. Orange air pouches on each edges of the back pump up during engagement display; long feathers on rear of back additionally brought up in the course of displays. Short, dark brownish rear, legs are actually feathery to the toes.


Limpkin: Large, one-of-a-kind marsh bird, dark brownish physical body, white colored touches on neck, back, airfoils, breast. Measure is a little decurved. Back and also legs are long. Slightly appears like an ibis.

Devour freshwater snails, mussels, frogs, bugs and also crustaceans. Straight tour along with quick upstrokes and also sluggish downstrokes.

Yellow-headed Blackbird

Yellow-headed Blackbird: Medium-sized blackbird along with dark body, sunny yellow hood as well as breast, and distinctive white airfoil spots. Costs, legs and shoes are black. Seeks in low flora and also on the ground. Eat pests, larvae, seeds, grains, as well as snails. Sturdy straight air travel on swift airfoil beats.

Harris’s Sparrow

Harris’s Sparrow: Large sparrow with dark-streaked, brownish upperparts and white colored underparts along with dark-streaked sides. Scalp has plain black top, face, as well as throat.

Gray cheek spot is marked through a thin, dark line. Bill is pink. Alternates quick wing hammers with short time periods of parts pulled to edges.

LeConte’s Sparrow

LeConte’s Sparrow: Small sparrow, brown-streaked back, brown-streaked gray nape, ashen gray underparts with touches on sides, light yellowish breast. Scalp is actually level along with brown red stripes.

Face is pale yellow-orange along with grey jowls. Legs, feet are pink-brown. Call changed in 2017 coming from Le Conte’s Sparrow to LeConte’s Sparrow. Maryland birds

Nelson’s Sparrow

Bosom and edges are pale brownish with dull touches; stubborn belly, undertail, as well as neck coverts are white. Scalp has gray-brown the throne and nape, orange-brown face, and also gray cheeks.

Thayer’s Gull

Thayer’s Gull: Having possessed complete species condition because 1973, since 2017, the AOU considers this gull to become a subspecies of the Iceland Gull as well as has lumped it there.

To observe this satisfy jump to the Iceland Gull varieties account. New subspecies vary charts for this bird are going to be actually on call in the next iBird update at which opportunity our team will certainly retire the Thayer’s Gull as it’s very own types. Maryland birds

Mountain Bluebird

Mountain Bluebird: Small thrush along with great blue back, head, and also wings. Throat and bust are paler blue, and also tummy and also undertail coverts are white colored.

Female is actually gray total with blue wings, rump, and also tail. Hovers more than various other bluebirds as well as drops on victim from above, also catches insects in tour. Consumes usually pests in the summer season. Maryland birds

Sage Thrasher

Sage Thrasher: Small thrasher, gray upperparts, dark-streaked white colored underparts along with ashen brownish laundry. The head is actually gray, bill needs as well as slightly decurved.

Wings are actually dark along with thin, white colored clubs. Tail is dark with white sections. Feet and legs are black. Swift air travel on superficial airfoil beats. Maryland birds

Green-tailed Towhee

Dental crown is actually rufous, neck is actually white colored with dark stripes, as well as bill is grey. Rapid bouncy flight, rotates a number of easy segment beats with segments drew to edges.

Leach’s Storm-Petrel

Leach’s Storm-Petrel: This medium-sized petrel has a dark brownish body and also a white colored rump and under tail feathers. The wings are dark with an ashen gray-brown pub on the higher airfoils. It possesses a long, dark forked tail, and a dark act, lower legs and also shoes. Maryland birds


Anhinga: Large, dark waterbird along with lengthy rear, snake-like neck, small crown, reddish eyes, and long olive-brown measure. Body is green-black general with silver-gray feathers showing up grizzled as well as dotted on top back and forewings. Also Known As snakebird and water chicken. Often soars like a raptor. Maryland birds

Johnson’s Longspur

Smith’s Longspur: Medium sparrow, yellow-brown streaked upperparts, dark scalp along with white colored eyebrow and ear patch, and also yellow-brown neck, throat, and underparts. Airfoils have huge white colored bars. Tail is actually black along with white colored edges. Yellow-brown legs and shoes. Live on crawlers, insects, and seeds. Maryland birds

Bachman’s Sparrow

Bachman’s Sparrow: Medium-sized sparrow along with brown-streaked grey upperparts and also addict underparts besides white colored belly.

Skin is actually grey along with brown dental crown and a thin, darker pipe extending back coming from eye. The tail is long, darker, and also round-tipped. Upper jaw is dark. Legs and also feet are actually pink. Maryland birds

Hoary Redpoll

Hoary Redpoll: Small finch (exilipes), buff-gray, brown-streaked upperparts and brown-streaked white colored underparts washed pink. Head has red cap, black face patch.

Black wings with two white bars. Rump is ashen grey or white colored along with handful of or even no touches. Black tail is scratched. Black lower legs as well as feet. Maryland birds

White-winged Crossbill

White-winged Crossbill: Medium crossbill, sunny pink general with the exception of black airfoils with pair of vibrant white wing-bars. Belly possesses lifeless white center; white undertail coverts. Dark rear, greatly notched. Swift bounding tour, alternates fast segment pounds along with segments drew to edges. Maryland birds

Swainson’s Warbler

Crown has brown hat, white brows, as well as dark eye-lines. Wings are simple olive-brown. Maryland birds

Bohemian Waxwing

Bohemian Waxwing: Large waxwing with gray upperparts, pink-gray crest, dark hide as well as jaw, and also grey underparts.

When folded up), the wings are dark with a clear yellow or white pipe and red spots on secondaries (noticeable. Rear is actually sulky and yellow-tipped with cinnamon-brown undertail coverts. Maryland birds

Townsend’s Solitaire

Eye-ring is white and also thin. Outer tail plumes are white. Maryland birds

Northern Wheatear

North Wheatear: Small thrush (oenanthe), with gray upperparts, black airfoils, face mask, and tail. Underparts are white, and buff-brown clean on throat. Sulky gray back as well as neck.

Very active bird, stressed and also uneasy while scouring. Bobs tail as well as typically creates quick tours to hawk insects. Maryland birds

Cave Swallow

Cavern Swallow: Small ingest (Southwest pelodoma), with steel-blue upperparts, white colored underparts, rufous laundry on bust and also sides. Swift, stylish flight, rotates many rapid, deep wing beats with long curving glides. Maryland birds

Rock Wren

Stone Wren: Medium wren along with white-speckled grey upperparts, brown rump, white-over-black eye brow, white throat and boob with alright gray touches, as well as buff-yellow flanks and belly.

The long rear is actually buff-and-black barred, and possesses an ashen idea; undertail coverts are actually white colored along with black bars. Maryland birds

Boreal Chickadee

Boreal Chickadee: Large chickadee, brownish upperparts, dark brown cap, tiny black bib, gray face and neck, white cheek, rufous sides, white colored underparts. Gray wings, rear. Short, weak air travels on rapidly beating airfoils. Replacements many simple, superficial movements with parts took to sides. Maryland birds

Fork-tailed Flycatcher

Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Medium-sized flycatcher along with dull gray upperparts, black head, low-profile yellowish the throne red stripe, and also white underparts. Airfoil coatings are actually white. Maryland birds

Gray Kingbird

Gray Kingbird: Large flycatcher with gray upperparts, dark mask, hidden reddish crown patch, and also mostly white colored underparts with pale yellow clean on tummy and undertail coverts. Bill is lengthy and black.

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher: Medium flycatcher with pale grey upperparts and head, white underparts as well as neck, salmon-pink sides and flanks, as well as sinister brown parts along with white edges.

Tail is actually lengthy as well as scissor-like, dark above along with white outer sides and also white listed below with black inner edges. Maryland birds

Tropical Kingbird

Exotic Kingbird: Large flycatcher with olive-gray upperparts, gray head, unnoticeable orange crown patch, ashen throat, dark eye patch, and dark upper breast. Underparts are sunny yellow. Wings as well as tail are brownish. Eat bugs, frogs, berries as well as fruit products. Fragile trembling air travel.

Lark Bunting

Lark Bunting: Large sparrow, almost dark along with sizable white colored wing spots, small, white-edged tail, as well as massive, blue-gray expense. Seeks in groung, small vegetation. Solid tour, rotates superficial part pounds with quick periods of parts drew to sides. It is the condition bird of Colorado. Maryland birds

Groove-billed Ani

Groove-billed Ani: Medium-sized dark bird along with many-colored blue and also environment-friendly tones, along with a really lengthy tail (half the length of the bird). Bill is big, with arched spine as well as narrow gouges.

Eurasian Collared-Dove

Wings are actually stippled gray along with dark primaries. Rear is actually long, wide, bordered with white (dark near foundation).

Inca Dove

Inca Dove: Small jumped with scaled, dull gray-brown upperparts, white colored neck, and also sized, dull addict (often with pink laundry) underparts. The tail is long as well as settled along with a black-bordered grey core as well as edged in white.

Black-capped Petrel

Black-capped Petrel: Large petrel along with white underparts, dark brownish to black spine as well as higher wings, dark limit, and also white dog collar (this field result is overlooking in some birds). Rear is long, darkened, as well as wedge-shaped; underwings present vast darkened frames. Maryland birds

Swallow-tailed Kite

Swallow-tailed Kite: The most extensive of North America kites, possesses black upperparts which contrast with white head and also underparts. In tour it reveals long pointed wings along with dark trip plumes and white wing linings. Possesses a 15-16 inch-long dark rear with deeper fork. The breast, tummy as well as neck are white. Maryland birds

Violet Sandpiper

Purple Sandpiper: Medium sandpiper, upperparts are sized gray-brown, crown is actually darker, and also white colored underparts are actually spotted.

Expense is dark with a yellow bottom and somewhat decurved. Wings have large white colored red stripes visible in trip; rear possesses dark main red stripe above and also is actually white below.

North Lapwing

North Lapwing: Large, unique plover with black bosom, skin, the throne, as well as long upright head plumes; back is actually green-tinged purple as well as copper.

Stubborn belly and sides are actually white, uppertail is actually white colored with a black recommendation, as well as undertail coverts are wealthy rufous-orange. Wings are dim with white ideas; legs are pink. Maryland birds

Eskimo Curlew

Eskimo Curlew: Small curlew, brown varicolored upperparts, addict underparts daubed as well as bespeckled brown, and light sugar-cinnamon airfoil coatings. Wings clearly long on perched bird.

American Oystercatcher

United States Oystercatcher: Large shorebird with white colored underparts, brownish upperparts, dark bonnet, long, sunny red-orange acute act. White wing spots obvious in trip. Yellow eyes encompassed by orange eye-rings. Legs as well as feet are pink. Feed upon mussels and also various other bivalves. Rapid straight tour. Maryland birds

Mute Swan

Mute Swan: Aggressive bird, totally white, orange expense with large black basic button and also naked black traditions. Curved neck is actually often stained with pigments from iron or even algae.

Legs and also feet are actually dark. Devour water plants collected from base. Straight flight along with tough stable wing beats. Maryland birds

Bridled Tern

Suppressed Tern: Medium oceanic tern. Dark crown, neck divided coming from gray-brown upperparts by creamy colored collar. Chevron-shaped white temple patch expands responsible for eye.

Long pointed airfoils and also profoundly forked tail. Whitish underparts; underwings possess brown trailing edge. Black expense, legs. Maryland birds

Gull-billed Tern

Gull-billed Tern: Lightest North American tern. Black cap that extends listed below eyes, down neck; pale grey upperparts that are darker at the wingtips; short, stout dark proposal and also black legs, shoes; long airfoils with long outer primaries. Firsthand trip along with beautiful, shallow airfoil beats. Maryland birds

Roseate Tern

Roseate Tern: White below along with minor, variable pinkish cast visible in really good illumination; light grey above with dark cap, nape and also heavily forked tail that transmits well past wingtips at rest. Bill primarily black with some red at base; lower legs as well as shoes are actually red-orange. Graceful, direct trip.

Sooty Tern

Sooty Tern: This medium-sized tern has long wings, a greatly forked tail, dark crown, nape, and upperparts as well as a broad cuneate white colored forehead spot. The underparts are white; higher rear is black with white outer edges.

It has a direct air travel along with solid, shallow airfoil beats. It hovers before plunging for target. It eats squid and also fish. Sexes are actually similar.

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck: Large, multicolored duck along with bright red costs, pink-red lower legs as well as feet. Shows white colored airfoil patch, dark belly, reddish-brown boob, neck as well as back. Skin, foreneck are grey, white eye ring. Devour marine vegetations, grown grains, seeds. Straight air travel on rapid airfoil beats. Maryland birds

Cory’s Shearwater

Cory’s Shearwater: Large gray-brown shearwater, white underparts, light yellowish bill. Airfoils held downward.

Great Skua

Great Skua: Large, heavy-bodied seabird, popular white spot in main feathers. Body system shade varies coming from a light bleached to dark brownish, all possess a cinammon wash that creates the bird look red-tinged.

Strong straight tour along with continual shallow wingbeats. Hugs sway shapes or even takes flight up to 150 feets. Great Skua was split right into Great Skua as well as Brown Skua (not in North American selection) due to the American Ornithologist Union.

Ross’s Gull

Tiny gull, dull grey upperparts, gray-white neck, white colored neck along with slim black collar, as well as white colored, wedge-shaped tail; underparts are actually variably pink. Dark costs is quite short; lower legs, shoes are orange-red.

Sandwich Tern

The upperparts are actually quite dull gray, virtually white colored, and the underparts are actually white. The dark crown possesses a small dark crest, the white tail is actually deeply forked, and the legs and also shoes are dark.

Yellow-legged Gull

Yellow-legged Gull: Large white colored gull, tool gray upperparts and red spot on intense yellowish expense; lower legs and shoes are yellow. Tail is actually white colored.

Masked Duck

Masked Duck: Small stifftail duck along with black-tipped blue costs and black face mask with slim white eye-ring. Physical body is actually rufous-brown with black streaks on the back as well as sides; white segment patches show up in flight. Feed upon marine plants, crustaceans as well as bugs. Direct flight along with swift wing beats.

Neotropic Cormorant

Black top and lowerparts might present blue gloss. Longer addicted yellow-gray proposal along with yellow “v” shaped gular pouch bordered in white colored. Legs and also shoes are actually dark.

Northern Gannet

White on the whole along with black primaries and also lengthy sharp wings. Costs, lower legs, as well as feet are actually grey. Alternates swift airfoil hammers with brief glides.

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel: This is actually a black-brown storm-petrel along with gray-brown wing bars and also a conspicuous white band around the rump and huge, slightly marked tail.

It has a black costs, lower legs and also feet. It has a buoyant, zigzag flight, rotating numerous rapid airfoil beats. It feeds upon invertebrates, tiny animals as well as occasionally carrion coming from the water’s surface. The sexes are actually comparable.

Great Cormorant

Terrific Cormorant: Largest North American comorant. Black along with sunny yellowish throat pouch lined along with white feathers. Expert swimmer, plunges for fish, shellfishes.

When damp keeps wings in spread eagle posture to dry. Powerful direct tour along with stable airfoil beats. Flies in V or straight line formation.

White-faced Storm-Petrel

White-faced Storm-Petrel: The only Atlantic storm-petrel along with the mix of dim gray upperparts and also white underparts with a dim cap and eyeline. Long black lower legs route behind balanced tail in trip.

Yellow-nosed Albatross

Yellow-nosed Albatross: Pelagic misery along with light gray head, neck, rump, black back, upperwings, white colored underparts as well as dark scope around white underwings. Red-tipped black costs possesses yellow patch on upper mandible. Gray legs, shoes. Glides as well as escalates for hrs with minor corrections to airfoil position.

Popular Eider

Usual Eider: Large diving duck (v-nigrum), along with distinguishing sloping forehead, black body system, white breast and back. Airfoils are white colored with black primary and also subsequent plumes.

Greater Scaup

Greater Scaup: This big diving duck possesses a shiny green-black head, white sides and stubborn belly, black tail, back as well as bust, barred gray flanks and back. The eyes are yellow as well as the bill is actually blue-gray along with a black suggestion. The diet plan consists of marine insects and vegetations.

It has a quick direct tour along with strong, fast wing beats. The woman is actually dull brown along with a white spot on the surface at foundation of costs.

White Ibis

White Ibis: This seaside types is white general along with pink facial skin, act, and legs that turn scarlet during the course of breeding period. Black suggestions on the primary feathers are actually simply viewed in trip. Soars in straight line buildup along with neck as well as legs outstretched, roosts high in trees as well as bushes during the night.

Cackling Goose

Babbling Goose: This small to medium-sized goose has a mottled gray-brown body system, dark lower legs, rear, skin, back and also head, with a white chin strap stretching coming from ear to ear and also a white rump band. The costs is actually triangular as well as little.

It eats a range of plant varieties and also components, specifically lawns, sedges, grain as well as berries. Firm deep segment beats. Genders are actually identical; the guy is actually much larger.

Cape Verde Shearwater

Cape Verde Shearwater: Large seabird with gray-brown upperparts, dark brown air travel plumes, and white underparts. The wings are actually lengthy as well as the tail is actually medium in duration.

Boreal Chickadee: Large chickadee, brownish upperparts, sinister brownish hat, tiny black bib, gray face and neck, white colored cheek, rufous sides, white underparts. Black-capped Petrel: Large petrel along with white colored underparts, darkened brown to dark back and top airfoils, black cap, and also white colored dog collar (this field sign is overlooking in some birds).

The underparts are actually white colored; upper tail is actually dark with white colored exterior edges. Tiny gull, light gray upperparts, gray-white nape, white neck along with thin black dog collar, and also white colored, wedge-shaped rear; underparts are variably pink. Yellow-nosed Albatross: Pelagic misery along with dull gray head, back, rump, dark back, upperwings, white colored underparts as well as black frame around white underwings.

Common names of maryland birds and scientific names


  • Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata
  • Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica
  • Common Loon Gavia immer


  • Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
  • Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
  • Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
  • Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
  • Western side Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis

Shearwaters and Petrels

  • North Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis
  • Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata
  • Greater Shearwater, photograph by Amanda Boyd, USFWSCory’s Shearwater Calonectris diomedea
  • Peninsula Verde Shearwater Calonectris edwardsii
  • Greater Shearwater Puffinus gravis
  • Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus
  • Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus
  • Audubon’s Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri


  • Wilson’s Storm-petrel Oceanites oceanicus
  • White-faced Storm-petrel Pelagodroma port
  • Leach’s Storm-petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa
  • Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma castro


  • Northern Gannet Morus bassanus
  • Brown Pelican, Photo through Kerry Wixted PelicansAmerican White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
  • Brownish Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis


  • Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
  • Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus
  • Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo

Herons and Bitterns

  • American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
  • Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
  • Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
  • Great Egret Ardea alba
  • Snowy Egret Egretta thulaSnowy Egret, Photo through Kerry Wixted
  • Little Bit Of Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
  • Reddish Heron Egretta rufescens
  • Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
  • Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
  • Eco-friendly Heron Butorides virescens
  • Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax
  • Yellow-crowned Night-heron Nyctanassa violacea

Spoonbills as well as ibises

  • White Ibis Eudocimus albus
  • Lustrous Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
  • Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Black-bellied Whistling-duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Fulvous Whistling-duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
Snowfall Goose Chen caerulescens
Ross’s Goose Chen rossii
Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii
Canada Goose Branta canadensis
Brant Branta bernicla
Mute Swan Cygnus olor
Expanse Swan Cygnus columbianus
Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinatorNorthern Shoveler, image through Dr. Thomas G. Barnes, USFWS
Wood Duck Aix sponsa
Gadwall Anas strepera
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
United States Wigeon Anas americana
United States Black Duck Anas rubripes
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
Sugar-cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca
Canvasback Aythya valisineria
Redhead Aythya americana
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Greater Scaup Aythya marila
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
King Eider Somateria spectabilisHooded Merganser, picture by Lee Karney, USFWS
Common Eider Somateria mollissima
Buffoon Duck Histrionicus histrionicus
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata
White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca
Black Scoter Melanitta americana
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Barrow’s Goldeneye Bucephala islandica
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus
Typical Merganser Mergus merganser
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
Disguised Duck Nomonyx dominicus
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis

New World Vultures

  • Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
  • Turkey Vulture Cathartes mood

Hawks, Kites and also Eagles

  • Osprey Pandion haliaetusNorthern Goshawk, picture through Dave Brinker
  • Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
  • Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis
  • Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  • Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
  • Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii
  • Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
  • \Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus
  • Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus
  • Swainson’s Hawk Buteo swainsoni
  • Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
  • Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus
  • Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos


  • American Kestrel Falco sparverius
  • Merlin Falco columbarius
  • Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus
  • Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Partridges, Grouse as well as Turkeys

  • Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
  • Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus
  • Greater Prairie-chicken Tympanuchus cupido
  • Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo

Side rails, Gallinules as well as Coots

  • Yellowish Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis
  • Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis
  • Corn Crake Crex crex
  • Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris
  • Master Rail Rallus elegans
  • Virginia Rail Rallus limicola
  • Sora Porzana carolina
  • Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica
  • Popular Moorhen Gallinula chloropus

Lapwings as well as Plovers

  • North Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
  • Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
  • United States Golden-plover Pluvialis dominica
  • Wilson’s Plover Charadrius wilsonia
  • Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
  • Piping Plover Charadrius melodus
  • Killdeer Charadrius vociferus
  • American Coot Fulica americana

Stilts as well as Avocets

  • Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
  • American Avocet Recurvirostra americana

Sandpipers and also Phalaropes

Singular Sandpiper, picture by Richard OrrGreater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
Identified Sandpiper Actitis macularia
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda
Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Reddish Knot Calidris canutus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Semi-palmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
Little Stint Calidris minuta
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis
Baird’s Sandpiper Calidris bairdii
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus
Popular Snipe Gallinago gallinago
United States Woodcock Scolopax slight
Wilson’s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicaria

Skuas, Gulls, Terns, Skimmers

Having a good laugh Gull chicks, image through Donna Dewhurst, USFWSGreat Skua Stercorarius skua
South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus
Bloodsucking Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus
Having a good laugh Gull Leucophaeus atricilla
Franklin’s Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris
Little bit of Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus
Bonaparte’s Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Mew Gull Larus canus
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
California Gull Larus californicus
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
Thayer’s Gull Larus thayeri
Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus
Excellent Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
Sabine’s Gull Xema sabini
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
Ross’s Gull Rhodostethia rosea
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximusRoyal Terns, photo through George Jett
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii
Typical Tern Sterna hirundo
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
Forster’s Tern Sterna forsteri
Least Tern Sterna antillarum
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus
Black Tern Chlidonias niger
Dark Skimmer Rynchops niger

Auks, Murres, Puffins

  • Dovekie Alle alle
  • Usual Murre Uria aalge
  • Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia
  • Razorbill Alca torda
  • Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica

Pigeons as well as Doves

  • Grieving Dove, picture through USFWSRock Dove Columba livia
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto
  • White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica
  • Weeping Dove Zenaida macroura
  • Guest Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius
  • Inca Dove Columbina inca
  • Typical ground-dove Columbina passerina

Traditional Owls

  • North Saw-whet Owl, photo through George JettEastern screech-owl Megascops asio
  • Wonderful horned Owl Bubo virginianus
  • Chalky Owl Bubo scandiaca
  • Delving Owl Athene cunicularia
  • Stopped Owl Strix varia
  • Long-eared Owl Asio otus
  • Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
  • Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus

Nighthawks and Nightjars

  • Popular Nighthawk Chordeiles small
  • Chuck-will’s- dowager Caprimulgus carolinensis
  • Whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus


  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris
  • Anna’s Hummingbird Calypte anna
  • Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope
  • Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus
  • Allen’s Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin


  • Pileated Woodpecker, photo by Dave KazakRed-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus
  • Yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
  • Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens
  • Hirsute Woodpecker Picoides villosus
  • Red-cockaded Woodpecker Picoides borealis
  • Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus
  • Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus

Dictator Flycatchers

Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
Eastern Wood-pewee Contopus virens
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens
Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum
Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus
Hammond’s Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii
Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe
State’s Phoebe Sayornis saya
Red Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens
Great crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Exotic Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana


  • White-eyed Vireo griseus
  • Yellow-throated Vireo flavifrons
  • Blue-headed Vireo solitarius
  • Warbling Vireo gilvus
  • Philadelphia Vireo philadelphicus
  • Red-eyed Vireo olivaceus

Crows as well as Jays

  • Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata
  • United States Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos
  • Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus
  • Typical Raven Corvus corax


Violet Martin Progne subis
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Riverside Swallow Riparia riparia
High cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Chickadees and also Titmice Tree Swallow, photograph by Donna Dewhurst, USFWSCarolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus
Boreal Chickadee Poecile hudsonicus
Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor


  • Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis
  • White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis
  • Brown-headed Nuthatch Sitta pusilla


  • Stone Wren Salpinctes obsoletus
  • Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus
  • Bewick’s Wren Thryomanes bewickii
  • Home Wren Troglodytes aedon
  • Winter Wren Troglodytes hiemalis
  • Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis
  • Meadow bright Wren Cistothorus palustris

Kinglets Carolina Wren, photo through George Miller

  • Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula


  1. Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
  2. Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis
  3. Mountain range Bluebird Sialia currucoides
  4. Townsend’s Solitaire Myadestes townsendi
  5. Veery Catharus fuscescens
  6. Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus
  7. Bicknell’s Thrush Catharus bicknelli
  8. Swainson’s Thrush Catharus ustulatus
  9. Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus
  10. Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina
  11. United States Robin Turdus migratorius
  12. Differed Thrush Ixoreus naevius

Mockingbirds as well as Thrashers

  • Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
  • Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos
  • Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus
  • Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum

Hardwood Warblers

Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinusYellow Warbler, picture by Tom Tetzner, USFWS
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned Warbler Oreothlypis celata
Nashville Warbler Oreothlypis ruficapilla
Northern Parula americana
Yellowish Warbler Dendroica petechia
Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica
Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia
Peninsula May Warbler Dendroica tigrina
Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens
Townsend’s Warbler Dendroica townsendi
Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata
Black-throated Gray Warbler Dendroica nigrescens
Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca
Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica
Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus
Grassy field Warbler Dendroica discolor
Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum
Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea
Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea
Black-and-White Warbler Mniotilta varia
United States Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum
Swainson’s Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapillus
Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis
Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla
Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus
Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis
Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia
Typical Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina
Wilson’s Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens


  • Summer months Tanager Piranga rubra
  • Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea
  • Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana


Detected Towhee Pipilo maculatus
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmusEastern Towhee, picture by Bill Thompson, USFWS
Bachman’s Sparrow Peucaea aestivalis
United States Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea
Breaking Sparrow Spizella passerina
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida
Area Sparrow Spizella pusilla
Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus
Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys
Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis
Insect Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum
Baird’s Sparrow Ammodramus bairdii
Henslow’s Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii
Le Conte’s Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii
Nelson’s Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni
Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus
Beachfront Sparrow Ammodramus maritimus
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca
Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia
Lincoln’s Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii
Overload Sparrow Melospiza georgiana
White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis
Harris’s Sparrow Zonotrichia querula
White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrysWhite-crowned Sparrow, picture through Dave Menke, USFWS
Dark-eyed Junco hyemalis
Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus
Johnson’s Longspur Calcarius pictus
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus
Snowfall Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis


Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus
Blue Grosbeak Guiraca caerulea
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
Dickcissel Spiza americana


Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
Western side Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalusIndigo Bunting, photograph by Dave Menke, USFWS
Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus
Maker’s Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus
Usual Grackle Quiscalus quiscula
Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus primary
Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula
Bullock’s Oriole Icterus bullockii


Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator
Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus
House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera
Typical Redpoll Acanthis flammea
Hoary Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni
Pine Siskin Spinus pinus
American Goldfinch Spinus tristis
Evening out Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Hopefully this article is useful 😀

Sometimes, when people ask what I do to make a living, I can't think of a better word than "writer". I am a student, web maker, writer, bird lover ... and many more.

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