California Birds

California is well-known for the spirit of its individuals, farms that feed millions, innovation that transforms the globe, our spectacular coastlines, and also Hollywood, among others. Audubon California would certainly add our bountiful bird life to that list.

The greater than 600 bird species that have actually been found in California compose about two-thirds of all birds species in North America, including the little Calliope Hummingbird, the elegant Black Phoebe, as well as the terrific California Condor.

Extra commonly seen California birds total around 450 varieties, making our state among the country’s most diverse. The all-natural environments that attract millions of reproduction, migrating, and also relaxing birds to California the coastlines, wetlands, oak woodlands, timberlands, as well as deserts include 175 places most important to birds (Audubon calls them Important Bird Areas), the most of any type of state in the Lower 48.

Birds are vital elements of healthy and balanced natural systems, acting as pollinators, predators, scavengers, seed dispersers, as well as engineers in riparian, wetland, and also coastal environments. Birds are indications of more comprehensive environment function and also environmental wellness since they respond rapidly to various other and climatic changes, as well as are fairly simple to study and see.

Birds and also humans require the same points– clean air, water, and land– so the future wellness of birds and that of human beings is totally connected.

The golden state is crucial link along the Pacific Flyway, the migratory path traveled by numerous birds yearly. The golden state marshes, coastlines, and various other areas give important habitat, stop over, feeding, and nesting websites for birds that travel from the Arctic to spots over 7,000 miles away in Chile, maintaining species that can be found throughout the Flyway.

Table of Contents

Snowy Owl

California Birds

Snowy Owl: Large, white owl with variable black bars and spots. The head is rounded and also does not have tufts, eyes are yellow, and the costs is black. Feathered feet and also toes provide protection from the frozen cold. Straight flap-and-glide flight with powerful, deep wingbeats. The United States and Canada’s only all-white owl.

For those of you who want to see Twittering owls, you can watch the video below.

Mississippi Kite

california birds

Mississippi Kite: Small kite, dark gray upperparts, light grey underparts and head. Tail is black as well as long. Bouyant flight with steady wing beats, rotates several wing strokes with brief to lengthy glides.

Broad-winged Hawk

california birds

Broad-winged Hawk: Medium hawk, dark brownish, mottled upperparts and brown-barred, white underparts. Pale underwings with black margins visible in flight. Tail is dark grouped. Feed upon amphibians, reptiles, tiny animals as well as birds, huge insects. Flap-and-glide trip, skyrockets on thermals and updrafts.

Red Egret

california birds

Reddish Egret: Medium egret with blue-gray body and also shaggy, light rufous head as well as neck. Expense is pink with dark idea. Legs are blue-gray. White morph has all-white plumage, black-tipped pink bill, as well as black legs. Prey on fish, frogs and crustaceans. Direct flight with resilient consistent wing beats.

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

california birds

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron: Medium-sized, stocky heron with gray body and brown-and-white multicolor wings. Face is white as well as black; crown is light yellow and also sweeps back as a plume. Expense is black as well as heavy.

Crested Caracara

california birds

Crested Caracara: Large, ground-dwelling falcon, black body, finely barred tail, wing panels and upper breast. Head crest is black, face skin is red, as well as big costs is blue-gray and also hooked.

Roseate Spoonbill

california birds

Roseate Spoonbill: Large ibis, pink body, white upper back, neck. Long expense, gray as well as spatulate. Alternates stable wing beats, brief glides.

Blue Jay

california birds

Blue Jay: Medium, noisy jay with bright blue upperparts, light grey underparts, unique head crest, and also neck surrounded with a curious black necklace. Black-barred wings and tail have prominent white spots. Straight trip with stable and bouyant wing beats. Glides between perches or to the ground.

Glaucous Gull

california birds

Glaucous Gull: This huge white gull has a light gray back as well as yellow eyes. The expense is yellow with a red area on the lower jaw. The wings are white-edged and white tipped; the legs and also feet are pink.

It is an energetic predator of seabird nesting nests. Diet includes fish, birds and insects. It has sluggish constant wing beats and soars on updrafts and also thermals. The sexes are similar.

Dusky-capped Flycatcher

california birds

Dusky-capped Flycatcher: Small Myiarchus flycatcher with olive-brown upperparts, red-edged as well as white wing feathers, brownish tail. Rapid trip with shallow wing beats.


california birds

V-shaped bib is black. Wings are brownish with chestnut-brown spots. The woman (revealed in foreground) and winter adult have brown spotted upperparts as well as no black bib.

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

california birds

Rose-breasted Grosbeak: Large finch, black head, back, brilliant red breast, and white rump, sides, belly. The wings are black with white spots over and red, white, black below.

Painted Bunting
Wings are dark with eco-friendly shoulder spots. The woman (shown in foreground) has eco-friendly upperparts, yellow-green underparts as well as dark wings.

Area Sparrow

california birds

Area Sparrow: Medium sparrow, rufous back with dark touches, unstreaked, buff breast. Gray head, rufous cap, and also white eye-ring. Short trips, alternates fast wing defeats with short periods of wings pulled to the sides.

Blue-throated Hummingbird

california birds

Tail is dark, sometimes cleaned with blue-black, and has white edges. Straight and floating trip with really fast wing beats.

Broad-billed Hummingbird

california birds

Broad-billed Hummingbird: Medium-sized hummingbird with metallic eco-friendly body as well as vibrant blue throat. Expense is bright red with black pointer.

Tail is black, forked, and also has white undertail coverts. Legs and feet are black.Feeds on nectar and also pests. Straight and hovering trip with extremely quick wing beats.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

california birds

Ruby-throated Hummingbird: Medium hummingbird, rainbowlike eco-friendly upperparts, head, flanks. Underparts are light gray, paler bust, green laundry on sides, belly; throat is bright red with black chin. Tail is dark, forked. Feeds largely on nectar. Straight and hovering trip with really fast wing beats.

Violet-crowned Hummingbird

california birds

Violet-crowned Hummingbird: Medium-sized hummingbird with rainbowlike bronze-green upperparts and also white underparts. Cap is purple-blue; throat is white as well as lacks gorget plumes.

White-collared Swift

california birds

White collar is unique. Costs, feet and also legs are black. Rapid shallow wing beats adhered to with lengthy glides.

Smokeshaft Swift

Smokeshaft Swift: Medium-sized swift, evenly dark brown with slightly paler throat and upper breast. Inconspicuous spinal columns prolong previous internet at suggestions of tail plumes. Expense, legs and also feet are black. Trip is batlike and rapid on swept-back wings, alternates with moving. Skyrockets on updrafts and thermals. California birds

Baird’s Sparrow

Baird’s Sparrow: Small sparrow with pale-streaked, rich dark brownish upperparts, white underparts, as well as dark streaks on upper bust and flanks. Short reduced trips, alternates fast wing beats with wings drew to sides. California birds

Least Auklet

Least Auklet: Very small seabird with black upperparts, small white plumes behind eyes, as well as black-mottled white underparts. Throat is white. Expense is short and also red with a white pointer. The feet and also legs are gray. Feed upon zooplankton and shellfishes. Swift and also straight flight reduced over the water. California birdsCalifornia birds

Parakeet Auklet

Parakeet Auklet: Small seabird with black head and upperparts, white underparts, as well as distinct yellow-white plumes behind eyes. Strong direct trip with quick wing beats. California birds

Horned Puffin

Horned Puffin: Medium puffin with black upperparts, white underparts. White face with a black, fleshy horn above eye expanding to top of head. California birds

Black-and-white Warbler

Black-and-white Warbler: Small, black-and-white candy striped warbler with a white typical head stripe surrounded by black. Black costs, legs as well as feet. It forages unlike any other warbler by going up and down the trunks of trees as well as crawling under and also over branches in a design similar to that of a nuthatch. California birds

Crested Auklet

Crested Auklet: Small, oddly attired seabird of Arctic waters with dark grey body. Head has a weird, grinning orange costs, quail-like crest, brilliant yellow-white eyes and white eye plumes. California birds

Thick-billed Murre

Thick-billed Murre: Medium-sized seabird with black upperparts, head and also neck, as well as white underparts. A thin, white stripe expands from expense to cheek. The bill is black as well as brief. Legs and also feet are black. Prey on fish, marine worms, crustaceans and squid. Strong swift trip reduced over water. California birds

Clay-colored Sparrow

Clay-colored Sparrow: Medium sparrow with black-streaked brownish upperparts as well as aficionado underparts. The face is pale with carefully spotted crown, crisp brown cheek spot, white eyestripe, and also gray neck. Pink-gray legs and also feet. Brief trip, alternates several quick wing beats with wings drew to sides. California birds

Cassin’s Sparrow

Cassin’s Sparrow: Medium, skulking meadow sparrow, great brown touches on gray-brown head and also back, enthusiast underparts. Short trip, rotates a number of rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. California birds

Blackburnian Warbler

Blackburnian Warbler: Medium warbler, yellow-orange head, black cap and also cheek patch, and orange throat. Upperparts are black with white red stripes and underparts are white with black- spotted flanks. Wings have prominent white spots. The tail is black with white on external tail feathers. California birds

Cape May Warbler

Cape May Warbler: Small warbler, olive-yellow upperparts, thick, black touches on yellow underparts. Wings are dark with large white spots. California birds

Northern Parula

Throat and also bust are yellow, bust band is black and also chestnut-brown, stomach and also undertail coverts are white. Wings are blue-gray with 2 white bars. California birds

North Waterthrush

Northern Waterthrush: Large, ground-walking warbler with dark brownish upperparts and white to pale yellow underparts with dark, heavy streaks. Eyebrows are thick and also vary from pale yellow to white. It flies promptly in a straight line for brief ranges. Territorial in both its winter season and also summer arrays. California birds

Louisiana Waterthrush

Louisiana Waterthrush: Large ground-dwelling warbler, dark olive-brown upperparts, greatly streaked white underparts with buff wash on belly and sides. White throat; eyestripe is dark and also thick, white eyebrows broaden behind eyes. California birds

Kentucky Warbler

Kentucky Warbler: Medium, ground-dwelling warbler with bright olive-green upperparts and yellow underparts. Head has black mask as well as hairs as well as thick yellow brows. California birds

Emperor Goose

Emperor Goose: This small goose has slate-gray plumage that is subtly disallowed in black and white. It has a white head as well as hindneck, a dark foreneck, a short pink expense, and a white tail with black under tail coverts. It has a straight trip with quick wing beats. California birds

Trumpeter Swan

Trumpeter Swan: Largest swan in the world, totally white but with head and also neck often discolored rust-brown from call with ferrous minerals in wetland dirts. Bill, legs, and also feet are black. California birds

Whooper Swan

Whooper Swan: Large, white swan with black and also yellow costs; broad, yellow spot covers a minimum of fifty percent of the top jaw. Black legs as well as feet. Feeds by dipping head and also neck in water. Eats invertebrates as well as aquatic plants. Solid direct flight with deep and constant wing beats. Flies in V formation. California birds

Hooded Warbler

Hooded Warbler: Medium warbler, olive-green upperparts, bright yellow underparts. Head has black hood, and yellow face. The eyes are dark and huge and also the tail is commonly spread out, presenting big white spots. Bill is black, legs as well as feet are pink. Makes short, straight flights on quickly beating wings. California birds

Golden-cheeked Warbler

Golden-cheeked Warbler: Medium warbler, black upperparts, white underparts with thick black touches on sides. Head has black crown, nape, temple and also throat, bright yellow face, and also black eye-line. Wings are dark with 2 white bars. black costs, legs and feet. The only bird with a breeding range restricted to Texas. California birds

Connecticut Warbler

Connecticut Warbler: Large ground-walking warbler, olive-gray upperparts, boring yellow underparts. Head has a slate-gray hood and strong white eye-ring. It was called for the state where it was first found, where it is an unusual migrant. Often called Swamp Warbler. California birds

Black-throated Green Warbler

Black-throated Green Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with olive-green upperparts, black-streaked flanks, and white underparts. Face is yellow with black eyestripe and expense. Wings are dark with 2 white bars. California birds

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Black-throated Blue Warbler: Small warbler that is the most strikingly sexually dimorphic of all wood warblers. Male has dark blue upperparts, black throat and also mask. White underparts with black sides and also white wing patch at base of primaries. Expense, feet as well as legs are black. The lady is olive-brown. California birds

Black-billed Cuckoo

Black-billed Cuckoo: Medium cuckoo with brownish upperparts, white underparts. Eye-ring is red as well as decurved expense is black. Tail is long with pale white, dark-eyed spots beneath. Feeds mostly on caterpillars, additionally consumes pests, small fish, fruits and mollusks. Makes low flights of short duration. California birds

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Chestnut-sided Warbler: Medium warbler with black-streaked upperparts, white underparts, and chestnut-brown flanks. The only North American warbler with pure white underparts in all seasons. California birds

Golden-winged Warbler

Golden-winged Warbler: Small warbler with white underparts as well as gray upperparts. Face is white with black mask and also throat, and head has a yellow crown. Wings are gray with big yellow spots. Its flight is weak and fluttering, alternates quick wing beats with durations of wings drawn to its sides. California birds

Poise’s Warbler

Underparts are white with dark touches on sides as well as yellow on throat and also bust. Wings are dark with 2 white bars.

Black Rosy-Finch

Black Rosy-Finch: Medium finch with black-brown bust and back, and also gray headband. Swift bounding flight, alternates quick wing beats with wings drew to sides.

Worm-eating Warbler

Worm-eating Warbler: Medium-sized, ground nesting warbler with olive-gray upperparts as well as light yellow underparts. Yellow head has black crown stripes and also eye-lines.

Pine Warbler

Pine Warbler: Medium warbler with ordinary olive-gray upperparts, yellow throat and also breast, blurry-streaked sides, and white stubborn belly as well as undertail coverts. Wings are grey with 2 white bars. California birds


Ovenbird: Medium, ground strolling warbler, olive-brown upperparts, greatly discovered white underparts. Head has plain orange central crown red stripe edged in black, and also a white eye-ring. Wings, tail are olive-green. Name is from its covered nest, the dome as well as side entrance make it look like a dutch oven. California birds

Canada Warbler

Canada Warbler: Small warbler with slate-gray upperparts, bright yellow underparts, black-streaked locket, as well as white vent. The eye-ring is yellow to white. Direct trip with fast, fluttering wing beats. California birds

Blackpoll Warbler

Blackpoll Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with black-streaked, gray upperparts, white underparts, and black-streaked white sides. Head has black cap and also famous white cheek patch. Expense is black. Wings are dark with two white bars. Pink feet as well as legs. Swift, direct flight with rapidly beating wings. California birds

Grassy field Warbler

Grassy Field Warbler: Small warbler, brown-streaked, olive-green upperparts with reddish-brown streaking, bright yellow underparts with black streaks on sides. Head has a yellow-green cap, yellow face, and dark eye, cheek stripes. Discovered in yearn stands, mangroves and also overgrown fields instead of meadows. California birds

Magnolia Warbler

Wings are dark with two white bars. Tail is dark with white spots as well as undertail coverts.

Greater Pewee

Greater Pewee: Large, plump flycatcher, olive-gray upperparts, white throat, gray bust, light yellow belly. Slender crest. Broad, level costs is two-toned: top mandible is dark, reduced is orange. Wings and also tail are dark. Brief flights on rapid superficial wing beats. Sallies out to take insects in air. California birds

Blue-winged Warbler

Blue-winged Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with olive-green upperparts and also yellow underparts. Wings are dark grey with two white bars.

Prothonotary Warbler

Prothonotary Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with olive-green back as well as blue-gray wings and also tail. Head, neck, as well as underparts are dynamic yellow and the undertail coverts are white. Bill, feet and legs are black. The only eastern warbler that nests in tree hollows. As soon as called the Golden Swamp Warbler. California birds

Tennessee Warbler

Tennessee Warbler: Small warbler with olive-green upperparts, white underparts, as well as olive-gray washed sides. Darker head has white brows as well as dark eyestripes. Wings are simple grey. California birds

Yellow-throated Warbler

Yellow-throated Warbler: Medium warbler with grey upperparts, yellow throat, chin, as well as upper bust, white underparts with black spots on sides. Head has black face patch, white eyebrows. Wings are dark with two white bars. Tail is grey with white spots near corners. Expense, legs, and also feet are black. California birds

Mourning Warbler

Grieving Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with an olive-green back, wings, tail, and also grey hood. The underparts are yellow as well as the upper breast is black. It’s called for the means its dark breast as well as hood resemble an individual in mourning. It is just one of the most recent spring migrants of all North American warblers. California birds

Chuck-will’s- widow

Chuck-will’s- widow: Large nightjar with entire body complexly spotted with brownish, gray, and black. Collar is white, throat is brown, and breast patch is dark brownish. The tail is white-edged. Legs and also feet are brownish. Feeds during the night, mainly on insects. Bouyant, quiet trip with flipping wing beats. California birds

Painted Redstart

Wings are black with huge, white patches. White arc underneath eye. Tail is black with thick, white sides.

Red-faced Warbler.

Red-faced Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with gray upperparts, white neck and also rump, as well as paler gray underparts. Temple, throat, and also upper breast are bright red. The crown as well as ear patches are black. Gray tail is long and also square tipped. Eats mainly crawlers as well as insects which it finds in tree branches.

Bay-breasted Warbler.

Bay-breasted Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with dark-streaked grey upperparts as well as lover underparts with chestnut-brown patches on the chin, throat, bust and also flanks. The head has a dark brown crown as well as black mask. Wings are black with two white bars. It is one of the largest warblers.

The wings are black with white spots over and also red, white, black below. Least Auklet: Very tiny seabird with black upperparts, little white plumes behind eyes, as well as black-mottled white underparts. Upperparts are black with white stripes and also underparts are white with black- spotted flanks.

White underparts with black sides and white wing patch at base of primaries. Blackpoll Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with black-streaked, grey upperparts, white underparts, as well as black-streaked white sides.

Buffoon Duck

Harlequin Duck: Small diving duck, blue-gray upperparts and also underparts, rust-brown flanks. Back, breast and neck have vivid black-bordered white bars. Tail is dark and fairly lengthy. Gray legs, feet. Feeds on insects, mollusks and shellfishes. Quick direct trip, usually reduced over the water.

Sprague’s Pipit

Sprague’s Pipit: Medium pipit with streaked, brown upperparts, buff bust with dark streaks, and white throat and also stubborn belly. Tail is brown with white sides. Thin, light costs. Legs are yellow to pale brown. Its plumage blends well among savanna lawns, making it difficult to place.

Red-throated Pipit

Red-throated Pipit: Medium pipit, brown streaked upperparts, heavily streaked white underparts. Brownish wings have two white bars. Bill is black.

Thick-billed Kingbird

Thick-billed Kingbird: Large flycatcher with gray-brown upperparts, darker head, and rarely seen yellow crown spot. Throat as well as breast are gray-washed white, and also belly as well as undertail coverts are pale yellow. Expense is black as well as big. Tail is gray-brown as well as a little forked, bordered with cinnamon-brown.

Steller’s Eider

Steller’s Eider: Small eider with black back as well as collar, white sides, buff-brown underparts with little yet distinct black area on side. White head has a dark tuft, shiner spot as well as chin. Wings are white with black primaries as well as a white-bordered blue speculum. Blue-gray bill, legs and feet.

American Black Duck

American Black Duck: Stocky, medium-sized dabbling duck with dark brown body, paler face as well as foreneck, as well as purple speculum surrounded with black. White underwings comparison with dark brownish body in flight.

Baikal Teal

Baikal Teal: Small dabbling duck, head pattern of light brown, eco-friendly, white, as well as black. Pink breast has dark spots, flanks are gray surrounded with vertical white red stripes, scapulars are brownish, black, as well as white.

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher: Large flycatcher with strongly spotted olive-brown upperparts and light yellow underparts with dark brownish streaks. Eyestripes are black and also thick with white boundaries. The wings are dark as well as bordered with white. Tail is rust-brown. Sluggish trembling flight with shallow wing beats.

Arctic Loon

Arctic Loon: Medium loon with straight, substantial expense, white-spotted black back, white flanks visible over water while swimming. Neck has bold black and also white red stripes on sides and also eco-friendly or purple throat bar that might be tough to see.

Yellow-billed Loon

Yellow-billed Loon: Large loon, white-spotted black upperparts, white underparts, gray sides with great white places. Head is shiny green-black; neck has black-and-white rings. Yellow expense. Dives for small fish, crustaceans. Straight flight on deep wing beats. Solitary, or in sets as well as household teams.

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Buff-breasted Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has an aficionado clean over the entire body besides the white air vent. It has black-spotted and spotted upperparts, slightly scaled underparts, a white eye ring, black costs and yellow legs. It feeds mainly on bugs. It has a swift straight flight with rapid wing beats. It reveals white wing linings in flight. The sexes are comparable.

White-rumped Sandpiper

White-rumped Sandpiper: Small sandpiper, brown and black scaled upperparts, distinct white rump. Neck and also top breast are white with brown streaks. Slim white red stripes on dark wings noticeable in flight.

Upland Sandpiper

White chin, neck, throat. Breast as well as sides spotted with dark chevrons, white stubborn belly. Dark cap, white eye-rings.

Terek Sandpiper

Terek Sandpiper: Medium-sized sandpiper with gently spotted grey upperparts, white underparts, as well as gray laundry on upper bust. Expense is long, black with orange at the base and also curved upwards.

Stilt Sandpiper

Stilt Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has gray-brown upperparts, white rump, heavily disallowed white underparts, dark cap, white brows and also brownish ear spots. It has a long, black expense that contours down at the suggestion and long gray-green legs.

Solitary Sandpiper

Solitary Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has pale-spotted, dark brown back and also rump, white underparts with touches on neck and sides, dark head and a strong white eyering.

It has a black tail with noticeable black-and-white barred sides; olive-green bill, legs as well as feet. Eat insects and insect larvae, tadpoles, crawlers and also worms. Straight trip is light and also resilient. Sexes are similar.

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has dark brown upperparts and also white underparts with pale olive-brown streaks on breast as well as sides. It has a rufous crown, white eye ring and dark brownish wings.

The tail is dark brown as well as sharp in flight. Feeds primarily on mosquito larvae however also takes crustaceans and mollusks. Swift direct flight with quick wing beats. Sexes are similar.

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Semipalmated Sandpiper: This small sandpiper has actually scaled gray-brown upperparts, white underparts and fine touches on the bust as well as sides. It has a short, stout, straight black expense as well as black legs and also feet. It feeds on bugs, worms, small mollusks and crustaceans. Swift trip on quickly beating wings. Sexes are comparable.

Bristle-thighed Curlew

Bristle-thighed Curlew: This large brown-streaked shorebird has a lengthy decurved costs. The eye-line is dark, the eyebrow is white, and also the rump is cinnamon-brown.

The bristle-like plumes at the base of the legs are refined. The feet and legs are blue-gray. It has a strong, swift direct trip. It feeds on shellfishes and small fish. Sexes are similar, though females are larger and also longer billed.

Baird’s Sandpiper

Baird’s Sandpiper: This medium-sized bird has scaled gray-brown upperparts, white underparts and a dark-spotted gray-brown bust. The crown, neck and also face are enthusiast with great brown streaks. It has a white rump with a dark main red stripe as well as black legs as well as feet.

Feeds on spiders and also bugs. Swift direct trip with quick wing beats; long wings enable them to make long flights. Sexes are similar.

Common Black Hawk

Usual Black Hawk: Large hawk, almost all black with white spot simply behind costs. The tail is black with solitary, thick white band across the center and also a slim, white tip.

King Eider

King Eider: Large diving duck with black body as well as white bust, back. The crown as well as neck are light blue; unique costs is orange-red, sweeping upwards into a huge, orange basal handle outlined in black. Wings are black with huge white spots visible in flight. Tail has white spots at the base.

Bar-tailed Godwit

Bar-tailed Godwit: This huge shorebird has a lengthy upcurved costs, scaled brownish, gray as well as black multicolor upperparts as well as light red-brown underparts. The tail is white with dark bars as well as the legs and also feet are dark gray. It has a straight trip with stable wing beats.

The woman is larger than the male with a longer costs as well as has a little red-brown shade. It preys on mollusks, worms and marine insects.

Eurasian Kestrel

Gray head, black moustache stripe. Tail is black- and blue-gray banded with black idea. Alternates rapid wing defeats with a move.

Franklin’s Gull

Franklin’s Gull: This medium-sized gull has a gray back as well as white underparts. It has a black head, white eye ring, orange bill with a black area near the idea, as well as red-orange legs.

The wings are short with white spotted black tips. It has a solid direct trip with deep wing beats. It feeds primarily on terrestrial as well as marine bugs. The sexes are similar; males are a little larger.

Harris’s Hawk

Tail is dark brownish to practically black with white base and also incurable band. Undertail coverts are white.

Hudsonian Godwit

Long costs, pink and somewhat upcurved with black suggestion. White rump, white wing-bar, black underwings visible in trip.

Iceland Gull

Iceland Gull: Large, white gull, pale, pearl-gray back and top wings. Wing pointers often noted with light to dark grey. White tail; feet as well as legs are pink.

Long-toed Stint

Long-toed Stint: Medium sandpiper, scaled, brownish, rufous and black upperparts, white-sided rump, white underparts, black-spotted sides, top bust. White tail has black central red stripe, gray sides.

Purple Gallinule

Purple Gallinule: Medium, chicken-like marsh bird with purple-blue upperparts cleaned with iridescent eco-friendly, deep blue underparts. Temple is pale blue; expense is yellow-tipped and red.

Undertail coverts are white. Legs are yellow with long toes. The trip is labored and also slow-moving with dangling legs.

Red-necked Stint

Red-necked Stint: This small sandpiper has actually stippled brown upperparts and also streaked cap. Underparts are white; upper breast is rust-brown and spotted. The face as well as throat are rust-brown as well as the expense, legs as well as feet are black.

Forages on shore; sometimes probes mud. Eat algae and also marine plants, pests as well as insect larvae. Swift direct trip with fast wing beats. Sexes are similar.

Short-tailed Albatross

The head and also neck have a golden-yellow cast, white wings have black edges and ideas, and also the tail is white with black fringe. Legs and also feet are pink-gray. Feeds mainly on squid, yet additionally consumes fish as well as shellfishes.

White-capped Albatross

White-capped Albatross: Large seabird with white body and gray back. The expense is grey with a yellow tip as well as base. Underwing is white with analysis slim black margin. Tail is grey.

Legs and also feet are pink. Skyrocketing flight on stiff, a little sagged wings. Typically interuppted with several sluggish deep wing beats. Formerly Shy Albatross. Split by the American Ornithologist Union in 2014 into the White-capped Albatross, Salvin’s Albatross and also Chatham Albatross. Both the Salvin’s and Chatham are out of the North American array.”

Yellow Rail

White throat, lover breast, flanks, as well as stubborn belly are prevented black-and-white. Wings are dark with huge white spots visible in flight. Brief black tail.

Zone-tailed Hawk

Zone-tailed Hawk: Large hawk, mostly black other than for barred flight feathers, black-and-white grouped tail. Costs, legs are yellow. Soars as well as glides on thermals with wings raised a little above back, turns from side to side.

Red-tailed Tropicbird

Red-tailed Tropicbird: This medium-sized tropic bird has silky white quill as well as a little but conspicuous black eye red stripe. It has a coral reefs red bill and black legs and also feet. Swift, purposeful trip, rotates fluttering wing beats with glides.

Black-headed Gull

Black-headed Gull: Small, white gull with partial hood, white crescents over and listed below eye, and also white-gray back. Red costs. Wings with black suggestions and also black bases of primaries.

Sexes comparable. Non-breeding grown-up does not have hood, black mark behind eye, and also black tip on bill. Juvenile like winter months adult but even more black on wing and also tail with black idea.

Cerulean Warbler

Cerulean Warbler: The male is sky-blue with faintly streaked upperparts as well as black-streaked white flanks. A black band divides a white throat as well as stubborn belly. Wings have two strong white bars.

The female has unstreaked blue-gray upperparts and also a yellow clean on face and also breast with pale touches on flanks, and yellow eyebrows. The immature bird is paler as well as extra olive over all. Prefers to stay high in the crowns of fully grown deciduous trees, making it challenging to see.

Typical Grackle

Central plumes of long, rounded tail are usually decreased to show keeled V-shape. Swift, solid direct flight with rapid wing beats, holds tail folded in a V shape while flying.

Harris’s Sparrow

Harris’s Sparrow: Large sparrow with dark-streaked, brown upperparts and white underparts with dark-streaked sides. Head has raw black crown, face, as well as throat.

LeConte’s Sparrow

Head is level with brownish red stripes. Legs, feet are pink-brown.

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Head, neck and underparts are white. Rump and also tail are white. The wings have dark suggestions with white places; feet and legs are yellow.

Little Gull

Little Gull: The smallest of all gulls, with light grey upperparts and also white nape, neck, bust, belly, and tail. Hood is black and also extends onto top neck. Underwings are dark. Bill is dark red with black suggestion. Legs and also feet are red-orange. Solid direct flight with deep wing beats.

Nelson’s Sparrow

Nelson’s Sparrow: Small sparrow with brownish streaked upperparts. Bust and sides are light brownish with light streaks; stubborn belly, throat, and also undertail coverts are white. Head has gray-brown crown and nape, orange-brown face, as well as gray cheeks. Tail is short and pointed. Pink-gray legs as well as feet.

Rusty Blackbird

Rusty Blackbird: Medium blackbird, black general with a dull, green sheen, yellow eyes. Forages on ground of damp woodlands as well as areas, wades in marshes or little pools of water. Feeds on pests, caterpillars, snails, shellfishes, little fish, salamanders, fruits, grains as well as seeds.

Eastern Whip-poor-will

Throat is black; eyebrows and also neckband are white. Tail is lengthy as well as rounded with big white corner spots.

Orchard Oriole

Orchard Oriole: Small oriole, black head, back, tail, as well as chestnut-orange shoulder spots, underparts, rump. Wings are black with solitary wide white bar; trip feathers have white edges. Prey on pests, fruits, berries, nectar and flowers. Swift direct flight on rapid wing beats.

Baltimore Oriole

Baltimore Oriole: Small oriole, primarily intense orange with black hood and also back. Wings are black with orange shoulder spots and also strongly white-edged plumes that appear as bars. Black base, facility type T-shaped mark on orange tail. Strong swift as well as straight trip on fast wing beats.

Red-eyed Vireo

Red-eyed Vireo: Medium vireo with white underparts and olive-brown upperparts. Head has a grey cap, white eyebrow, black eyestripe, and also red eyes. Blue-gray legs and feet. Alternates short glides with collection of rapid wingbeats. May hover briefly to choose berries or bugs from vegetation.

White-eyed Vireo

White-eyed Vireo: Medium-sized, secretive vireo with olive-green upperparts, and white underparts with yellow sides and flanks. Spectacles are light yellow and iris is white. Wings are dark with two white bars. Legs and feet are grey. Trip is direct and fast on short, rounded wings.

Scarlet Tanager

Scarlet Tanager: Medium tanager with fantastic red body, black wings, tail. Heavy costs is yellow-gray.

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Eastern Wood-Pewee: Small flycatcher, gray-olive upperparts, pale gray underparts. Bill is dark except for yellow base of reduced jaw. Wings are dark with two white bars. Black legs, feet. Feed upon berries, crawlers and also bugs. Sluggish fluttering straight flight on superficial wing beats.

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker: Medium woodpecker, black-and-white varicolored upperparts, white rump, yellow-washed white underparts. Black tail has black-barred, white facility stripe.

Blue-headed Vireo

Blue-headed Vireo: Medium-sized vireo with olive-green upperparts, white underparts, and also yellow flanks. Head has blue-gray hood, white spectacles, as well as white throat. The wings are dark with 2 white or pale yellow bars. Weak, fluttering flight with quick wing beats. May hover briefly.

Eastern Kingbird

Eastern Kingbird: Large flycatcher, blue-black back, wings, black tail with white incurable band, white underparts. Black expense, legs, feet.

Snow Bunting

Snow Bunting: Medium-sized, strikingly white sparrow with black back, central tail, and wing tips. Costs, feet and also legs are black. Forages on ground for seeds, bugs, larvae as well as caterpillars. Swift flight, rotates swiftly beating wings with quick periods of wings drew to sides.

Blue-footed Booby

Blue-footed Booby: Large, gull-like seabird with white body, brownish wings and also brown-streaked head and also back. Alternates quick, deep wing beats with sailing glides.

Red-footed Booby

Red-footed Booby: This black-tailed white-morph is a little booby with a white head, body and also tail. It has a light blue, pink-based face as well as pale blue bill.

It has black trip feathers and also bright red legs and also feet. The brown type is brown overall with darker trip plumes. Strong steady wing defeats with glides. It preys on fish as well as small octopi. Sexes are similar, yet the lady is much larger.

Masked Booby

Masked Booby: This big seabird has a white body, black routing edge on the wings, and also a sharp black tail. The head has black mask and a long pointed yellow bill. The legs as well as feet are yellow-gray. It dive dives from 40 feet for small squid and also flying fish. It rotates strong rapid wing defeats with glides. Sexes are similar, yet the female is larger.

Brown Booby

Brownish Booby: This big seabird is primarily dark brown with white under wing coverts, stubborn belly and also air vent. It has a blue-gray to yellow costs and also yellow legs and feet. It has rotating solid quick wing beats as well as glides.

Great Shearwater

Great Shearwater: Large shearwater, scaled, gray-brown upperparts, white underparts, brownish markings on stubborn belly. Dark cap contrasts with white face. Tail is dark above with obvious white rump band as well as grey listed below.


Anhinga: Large, dark waterbird with long tail, snake-like neck, little head, red eyes, and also long olive-brown expense. Body is green-black total with silver-gray plumes appearing multicolor and also grizzled on top back as well as forewings. AKA snakebird as well as water turkey. Typically skyrockets like a raptor.

Smith’s Longspur

Smith’s Longspur: Medium sparrow, yellow-brown spotted upperparts, black head with white eyebrow as well as ear spot, and yellow-brown nape, throat, and underparts. Wings have huge white bars. Tail is black with white edges. Yellow-brown legs and feet. Eat crawlers, seeds, and insects.

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel

Wilson’s Storm Petrel: This small storm-petrel has a brown-black body, pale brownish wing bands and also a huge, white rump. It has a great black expense with extremely pronounced tubes. It has a direct trip with steady, shallow wing beats.

Flesh-footed Shearwater

Flesh-footed Shearwater: This is a huge, large shearwater with a dark brown body and also a darker head and also tail. The costs is pink and big with a dark idea. The wings are dark with brown-edged coverts that end up being paler with wear. The feet as well as legs are light pink.

It eats tiny fish and also squid. It has a slow-moving flight, alternating stiff-winged gliding and flapping near water. The sexes are similar.

Sharp-tailed Grouse

Sharp-tailed Grouse: Medium grouse with gently barred brown upperparts and white underparts populated with chevrons. Head has brief crest, yellow-orange eye comb, and also pink or violet neck spot subjected when displaying. Tail is sharp and white-edged. Commonly seen on prairies in the summer.

Alder Flycatcher

Alder Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-brown upperparts, white underparts, and also indistinct white eye-ring. Wings are olive-brown with two pale or white bars.

Streak-backed Oriole

Streak-backed Oriole: Large oriole with primarily bright orange body other than for black streaks on back. Black wings with two vibrant white bars. Black tail with white corners.

Red-headed Woodpecker

Red-headed Woodpecker: Medium-sized woodpecker with black upperparts and also tail, and also white underparts and rump. The head, throat, and also upper bust are dark red.

Wings are black with huge white spots. Expense, legs and feet are black. This is the only woodpecker in the east with an entirely red head.

Brown Thrasher

Brown Thrasher: Medium thrasher, rufous upperparts, black-streaked, pale brown underparts. Eyes are yellow. Brown-black expense contours down, reduced mandible has light base. Wings have two white and also black bars. Tail is lengthy and red-brown. Feet as well as legs are brown. Fast trip on superficial, quick wing beats.

Pink bust has dark spots, flanks are gray bordered with upright white stripes, scapulars are brownish, black, as well as white. Stilt Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has gray-brown upperparts, white rump, heavily barred white underparts, dark cap, white brows and brownish ear spots.

The head as well as neck have a golden-yellow actors, white wings have black edges and ideas, as well as the tail is white with black edge. Wings are black with solitary wide white bar; flight feathers have white sides. Eastern Kingbird: Large flycatcher, blue-black back, wings, black tail with white terminal band, white underparts.

Least Flycatcher

Least Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-gray upperparts, gray breast, as well as light yellow belly. Eye-ring is white. The costs has light lower mandible with dark tip. Feet and legs are black. Feed upon insects, crawlers, seeds and berries. Weak trembling direct flight with superficial wing beats.

Eastern Phoebe

Eastern Phoebe: Small flycatcher with dark gray-brown upperparts as well as somewhat darker wings and tail. Underparts are pale with hint of yellow or olive-brown on sides and bust. Expense, legs, and also feet are black. Feeds on bugs, little fish, berries and also fruit. Weak fluttering bouyant trip.

Timber Thrush

Timber Thrush: Medium thrush, rust-brown upperparts, white underparts with heavy dark brown spots. Eye-rings are white. Black costs has luscious pink base upon lower mandible. In the early 1900s, its variety began to broaden north, forcing the Veery as well as Hermit yeast infections to locate another environment.


Veery: Medium-sized thrush with rust-brown upperparts, indistinct light grey eye-ring, white underparts, and pale rust-brown places on the bust. Dark race has gray-brown upperparts as well as bust areas.

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher: Small flycatcher with olive-green upperparts, yellow underparts, and olive-green clean on breast. Eyeglasses are pale yellow. The wings are dark with two white bars. Eat a variety of insects and crawlers. Weak trembling trip with superficial rapid wing beats.

Terrific Crested Flycatcher

Expense is black and also hefty. Wings are dark with rufous patches. Tail is rufous.

Northern Cardinal

The black mask and chin contrast with a hefty red bill. Female is duller total, with red wings and tail washed with gray, and also smaller sized crest. Alternates quick wing beats with wings pulled to sides.

Philly Vireo

Philadelphia Vireo: Medium vireo with olive-green upperparts and also yellow-washed to yellow underparts. The head has a gray cap, dark eyes, as well as white-bordered black eye-line. Wings are olive-green with really pale wing-bars. Undertail coverts yellow. Very first uncovered near Philadelphia in 1842.

Sedge Wren

Sedge Wren: Small wren with white-streaked, brown upperparts as well as light buff underparts. Eyebrows are light brown. Tail is short and also barred. Costs is short and also the legs and feet are pink. Among one of the most nomadic territorial birds. In any type of location it may be plentiful one year, lacking the next.

Little Bunting

Little Bunting: Small finch with dark-streaked gray-brown upperparts, greatly spotted white underparts. Face as well as crown are chestnut-brown and black-bordered. Eye-ring is dull white; throat is white. Wings have 2 pale, thin bars. Legs, feet are yellow. Tail has white outer plumes.

Gray Bunting

Gray Bunting Breeding Male: Medium sized, dark gray bunting with black touches on back, shoulders, and underparts. Undertail coverts are white. Heavy, pink costs with black pointer, culmen.

Differed Bunting

Costs is gray and a little curved down. Wings as well as tail are purple-blue. Brief flights, alternates quick wing defeats with wings pulled to sides.


Dark grey wings with red edges on primaries. Tail is red.

Common Rosefinch

Usual Rosefinch: Small, stocky finch, red upperparts and also breast, faintly streaked brown back, white underparts. Bill is dark grey as well as stout. Wings and tail are dark brown. Feet and legs are gray-brown. Forages on ground and in trees and hedges for seeds and also insects. Bounding flight.

Typical Redpoll

Costs is olive-brown with great black pointer. Wings are dark with two narrow white bars; tail is black and scratched.

White-winged Crossbill

White-winged Crossbill: Medium crossbill, bright pink total except for black wings with 2 bold white wing-bars. Stubborn belly has plain white facility; white undertail coverts.

Olive-backed Pipit

White underparts, chin, undertail and belly coverts. The brow is buff-orange in front and also white behind eye.

Eastern Yellow Wagtail

Eastern Yellow Wagtail: Small wagtail (tschutschensis), olive-green upperparts, yellow underparts with brownish areas on sides of bust. White throat with pale brown locket. Gray head has black ear patches, white eyebrows. Dark wings with 2 white bars. Black tail with white edges.

Curve-billed Thrasher

Curve-billed Thrasher: Medium-sized thrasher (palmeri), with grey upperparts and identified, light grey underparts. Eyes are orange-red and costs is long and decurved. Tail is dark and long gray. Feet and also legs are black. Feed upon bugs, spiders, little reptiles, seeds, fruits as well as berries.


Bluethroat: Small thrush with brownish upperparts, striking blue bib with rust-brown main place, brown-orange and black bands throughout bust, thick white eyebrow, and also white underparts. Tail is dark with rust-brown base. Instead swift, purposeful straight trip on swiftly defeating wings.

Eyebrowed Thrush

Eyebrowed Thrush: Medium, robin-like yeast infection, grey back as well as head, orange-brown bust and flanks, white stubborn belly and undertail coverts. Black eye line with white boundaries above and listed below is noticeable.

Northern Wheatear

Northern Wheatear: Small yeast infection (oenanthe), with grey upperparts, black wings, mask, and also tail. Underparts are white, as well as buff-brown wash on throat.


Stonechat: Small thrush with black back and also white rump. Head is black as well as collar is white. Wings are black with white stripes.

Gray-cheeked Thrush

Gray-cheeked Thrush: Small yeast infection (minimus), with olive-brown upperparts, buff-brown bust with brown spots, and buff or white belly. Upper mandible is black with light base, while lower mandible is yellow with black suggestion.

Eurasian Skylark

Eurasian Skylark: This medium-sized lark has dark-streaked, brown upperparts and also white underparts with touches on the bust and sides, a dark edged tail, as well as indistinct crest on head. It forages on the ground by running as well as strolling. Feeds mostly on pests, seeds and grains.

They are renowned for their display flight as well as song. Alternates a number of quick wing defeats with short glides. Sexes are comparable. Previously called Sky Lark, name was changed to Eurasian Skylark in 2016 by the American Ornithologist Union.

Black Vulture

Black Vulture: Large raptor, black general, short, featherless neck, pale bill, brief and also settled tail, long, light gray legs and feet. Gray-black skin on head and also neck is wrinkled. White-tipped wings, held horizontal in flight. Rises on thermals, have to flap its wings more often than a Turkey Vulture.

Sofa’s Kingbird

Couch’s Kingbird: Large flycatcher, olive-green upperparts, gray head, dark eye patch, white throat, bright yellow underparts. Black legs and also feet.

Fork-tailed Flycatcher

Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Medium-sized flycatcher with pale grey upperparts, black head, inconspicuous yellow crown stripe, and also white underparts. Wings and spectacularly long, deeply forked tail are black. Wing linings are white. Swift trip with superficial wing beats. Eat bugs.

Nutting’s Flycatcher

Nutting’s Flycatcher: Medium flycatcher with olive-brown upperparts, yellow belly and also undertail coverts, darker olive-brown crown, brownish tail and wings, as well as light gray throat, breast. Feed upon berries as well as insects. Solid trip on rapidly defeating wings. Hovers and also dips to grab target.

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher: Medium flycatcher with pale gray upperparts and also head, white underparts and throat, salmon-pink sides and flanks, as well as dark brown wings with white sides. Tail is scissor-like and lengthy, black above with white outer sides and white listed below with black internal edges.

Exotic Kingbird

Tropical Kingbird: Large flycatcher with olive-gray upperparts, grey head, unnoticeable orange crown patch, light throat, dark eye spot, as well as dark top bust. Underparts are intense yellow. Wings and also tail are brownish. Prey on insects, fruits, frogs as well as berries. Weak fluttering flight.

Buff-collared Nightjar

Tail is gray-brown with white corners. Feet as well as legs are black.

Mexican Violetear

Mexican Violetear: Medium hummingbird, dark metal environment-friendly (showing up black in reduced light) with blue-violet cheek and bust patches. Wings have black primaries. Squared tail is blue with black band. Slightly decurved costs is black. Direct, hovering flight with fast wing beats.

Formerly called the Green Violetear, it has had its name transformed to Mexican Violetear and has also been divided by the American Ornithologist Union in 2016 right into the Mexican Violetear as well as Lesser Violetear (out of North American variety).

Groove-billed Ani

Groove-billed Ani: Medium-sized black bird with iridescent blue as well as green overtones, with a really lengthy tail (half the length of the bird). Costs is substantial, with curved ridge as well as narrow grooves.

Usual Greenshank

Common Greenshank: Large sandpiper with scaled gray-brown upperparts, white rump, as well as white underparts, streaked and identified with brown on sides and flanks. Swift straight flight with clipped wing beats.

Kittlitz’s Murrelet

Kittlitz’s Murrelet: Small, plump seabird, varicolored brown as well as white general with paler stubborn belly, dark wings and also brief, dark white-edged tail. Feet and also legs are black.

Eurasian Collared-Dove

Eurasian Collared-Dove: Medium dove, light grey overall with darker cinnamon-brown laundry over back. Neck is ringed with half-black collar that does not reach throat. Wings are bespeckled grey with dark primaries. Tail is long, broad, edged with white (black near base). Pink legs, feet.

Oriental Turtle-Dove

Oriental Turtle-Dove: Large, stocky dove, buff-brown overall with scaled pattern on back as well as wings created by black plumes with aficionado, grey, or red fringes. Tail is long, grey, and white-tipped.

Nanday Parakeet

Nanday Parakeet: Medium parakeet, green in general, black head, chin, yellow eye-ring. Blue wash on throat as well as breast, deep blue outer webs on trip feathers and also suggestions of tail plumes. Trip, tail plumes are gray below.

Glossy Ibis

Glossy Ibis: Medium wading bird, rainbowlike bronze and also red-brown general with slim band of white feathers around bare dark blue face as well as long, down rounded, grey bill. Eyes are dark, legs are yellow-gray. Alternates a number of shallow fast wing beats and brief glides. Flies direct formation.

White-tailed Tropicbird

White-tailed Tropicbird: This big white bird has a long black bar on upperwing coverts as well as outer primaries, black loral mask which expands via and past the eye, yellow-orange costs, white tail banners, yellow legs and feet and black webbed toes. Buoyant, elegant pigeon-like flight with fluttering wing strokes alternating with rising glides.

Swallow-tailed Kite

Swallow-tailed Kite: The biggest of North America kites, has black upperparts which comparison with white head and underparts. In flight it reveals long sharp wings with black flight plumes as well as white wing linings.

American Woodcock

American Woodcock: Medium, stocky sandpiper with buff-brown underparts and also dark-streaked gray-brown upperparts. Head shows black bars instead of the red stripes of many other sandpipers. Eyes are extremely large and black; costs is plain yellow with a black suggestion as well as is long as well as stout. Pale grey legs as well as feet.

Timber Sandpiper

Wood Sandpiper: Small wader with green-yellow legs. Dark brownish streaked crown, white brow, and dark line through eye. White underparts with brown-gray touches and marks on neck, breast, as well as flanks. White rump. Gray-brown back and wings with light brownish mottling.

Piping Plover

Piping Plover: Small, pale sand-colored plover, flashy black bands on head, neck. White upertail with white-edged black idea. Short expense has brilliant orange base and black suggestion. Legs are intense orange. Consumes fly larvae, beetles, crustaceans and marine worms. Feeds greater on the beach than other plovers.

Rivoli’s Hummingbird

Rivoli’s Hummingbird: Large hummingbird of Mexican highlands, takes place in restricted locations of southwest U.S. Appears very dark green general, in great light might reveal turquoise to green throat, purple forehead, grey vent, tiny but famous white area behind eye; tail is all dark. Black legs, feet.

Rivoli’s Hummingbird is a brand-new name for the Magnificent Hummingbird. It was split into Rivoli’s as well as Talamanca Hummingbird, the latter is discovered in the cloudforests of Costa Rica and western Panama.

Least Grebe

Eyes dark yellow, plumage is dark black-gray, white undertail coverts and also white wing spot in trip. Black expense. Ladies comparable, juveniles are light and dark grey with striping on head.

Withheld Tern

Withheld Tern: Medium pelagic tern. Black crown, neck separated from gray-brown upperparts by creamy colored collar. Chevron-shaped white temple spot expands behind eye. Lengthy pointed wings and also deeply forked tail. Whitish underparts; underwings have brownish trailing side. Black costs, legs.

Slaty-backed Gull

Slaty-backed Gull: This huge gull has a slate-gray back, white head, stomach, tail, and also top wings; dark external primaries separated from mantle by row of white areas. Gray underside of primaries; broad white tracking edge to wings.

Sooty Tern

Sooty Tern: This medium-sized tern has long wings, a deeply forked tail, black crown, nape, as well as upperparts as well as a wide triangular white forehead patch. The underparts are white; upper tail is black with white external sides. It has a direct flight with solid, shallow wing beats. It hovers prior to dipping for target. It preys on squid as well as fish. Sexes are similar.

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck: Large, vibrant duck with bright red costs, pink-red legs and feet. Shows white wing patch, black tummy, reddish-brown breast, neck and also back. Face, foreneck are grey, white eye ring. Feeds on marine plants, grown grains, seeds. Straight trip on rapid wing beats.

Cory’s Shearwater

Cory’s Shearwater: Large gray-brown shearwater, white underparts, light yellow costs. Feeds in the evening on crustaceans and large sqiud it extracts from the surface area. Best recognized by its reasonably sluggish, sluggish trip contrasted to various other shearwaters. Wings held downward. Rises on taken care of wings if wind is up.

Cream color Gull

Ivory Gull: A pure white gull whose whole life is restricted to the edge of the drifting pack ice. Legs dark, costs dusky with yellow pointer.

Barolo Shearwater

Barolo Shearwater: Tiny shearwater, dark brownish upperparts and also white underparts; dark cap prolongs only to eye. Costs is brief and black. Flight is low, fast as well as straight, alternates quick wing beats as well as financial glides.

Red-legged Kittiwake

Red-legged Kittiwake: Small Alaskan gull white overall with gray back and also wings, little yellow bill and also bright red legs. Black wingtips. Eats little fish, squid, as well as aquatic zooplankton. Graceful, bouyant trip with quick, shallow wing beats. Hovers briefly above victim prior to dipping to sieze it.

Ross’s Gull

Ross’s Gull: The pink gull of the high Arctic. Tiny gull, pale grey upperparts, gray-white neck, white neck with thin black collar, and white, wedge-shaped tail; underparts are variably pink. Black costs is extremely short; legs, feet are orange-red. Often eats mudflats like a wader.

Sandwich Tern

Sandwich Tern: This is the only medium-sized tern with a long slim black costs tipped with yellow. The upperparts are extremely pale gray, nearly white, as well as the underparts are white. The black crown has a short black crest, the white tail is deeply forked, and also the legs and feet are black. It has a direct flight and also hovers before diving for fish. Sexes are similar.

Neotropic Cormorant

Black top and lowerparts may reveal blue gloss. Lengthy addicted yellow-gray bill with yellow “v” formed gular bag bordered in white. Legs and feet are black.

Usual Eider

Common Eider: Large diving duck (v-nigrum), with distinct sloping temple, black body, white breast as well as back. Wings are white with black main as well as secondary plumes.

Greater Scaup

Greater Scaup: This huge diving duck has a glossy green-black head, white sides as well as belly, black tail, neck as well as breast, barred grey flanks and back. The eyes are yellow and also the bill is blue-gray with a black pointer.

White Ibis

White Ibis: This seaside types is white total with pink facial skin, bill, and also legs that turn scarlet throughout reproducing season. Black pointers on the primary feathers are only seen in trip. Flies in straight line formation with neck and also legs outstretched, roosts high in trees as well as shrubs in the evening.

Parkinson’s Petrel

Parkinson’s Petrel: Medium to large seabird with general black or dark brown tuft. It has a yellow-white expense with a black idea, black legs and also feet, and a medium size tail. Has effective flight with sluggish waving complied with by lengthy glides on lengthy wings.

Taiga Bean-Goose

Taiga Bean-Goose: Large goose, scaled brown upperparts, white underparts. Head, neck are dark brownish. Black costs with yellow-orange saddle. Tail dark with white undertail coverts. Feet and also legs orange. Feeds on plants, seeds, fruits. Solid direct flight on consistent wing beats. Flies in V development.

White-chinned Petrel

White-chinned Petrel: Medium to huge seabird with general black or dark brown quill. It has a chalky white costs, black legs and feet, and also a tool size tail. It typically reveals a silvery spot on the base of the primaries of its lengthy wings. Flight is effective with sluggish wing beats and long glides.

White-eyed Parakeet

White-eyed Parakeet: Medium-sized green parakeet with red on bend as well as bottom of wing, and yellow on bottom of wing as well as long, pointed tail. Quick, direct flight on sharp wings.

Bluethroat: Small thrush with brown upperparts, striking blue bib with rust-brown central place, black and brown-orange bands throughout breast, thick white brow, as well as white underparts.

White-tailed Tropicbird: This big white bird has a long black bar on upperwing coverts and outer primaries, black loral mask which extends through and also past the eye, yellow-orange expense, white tail streamers, yellow legs and also feet as well as black webbed toes.

The underparts are white; upper tail is black with white outer sides. Tiny gull, pale gray upperparts, gray-white nape, white neck with slim black collar, and white, wedge-shaped tail; underparts are variably pink. The black crown has a short black crest, the white tail is deeply forked, and also the legs as well as feet are black.

Pheasants, grouse, and allies

Phasianidae consists of the pheasants as well as their allies, including partridges, grouch, turkeys, and also Old World quail. These are earthbound species, variable in dimension yet normally plump along with broad fairly short wings. A lot of types are actually gamebirds or have been tamed as a meals resource for people.

  • Chukar, Alectoris chukar
  • Ring-necked pheasant, Phasianus colchicus
  • Ruffed grumble, Bonasa umbellus
  • Greater sage-grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus
  • White-tailed ptarmigan, Lagopus leucurus
  • Sooty complaint, Dendragapus fuliginosus
  • Sharp-tailed grouch, Tympanuchus phasianellus
  • Wild turkey, Meleagris gallopavo


Grebes are tiny to medium-large freshwater scuba diving birds. They have actually lobed feet as well as are actually superb swimmers as well as scuba divers. They have their shoes positioned significantly back on the body system, producing them quite awkward on property.

  • Least grebe, Tachybaptus dominicus
  • Pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
  • Horned grebe, Podiceps auritus
  • Red-necked grebe, Podiceps grisegena
  • Eared grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
  • Western grebe, Aechmorphorus occidentalis
  • Clark’s grebe, Aechmorphorus clarkii

Pigeons and doves

Doves and also pigeons are stout-bodied birds along with limited backs and also short slimmer expenses with a plump cere.

  • Stone pigeon, Columba livia
  • Band-tailed pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata
  • Asian turtle-dove, Streptopelia orientalis
  • Eurasian collared-dove, Streptopelia decaocto
  • Located plunged, Spilopelia chinensis
  • Inca jumped, Columbina inca
  • Commonalities jumped, Columbina passerina
  • Ruddy ground plunged, Columbina talpacoti
  • White-winged plunged, Zenaida asiatica
  • Grieving plunged, Zenaida macroura


The family Cuculidae consists of cuckoos, roadrunners, as well as anis. These birds are of variable dimension along with slim bodies, long tails, as well as solid legs. The Old World cuckoos are actually family bloodsuckers.

  • Groove-billed rectums, Crotophaga sulcirostris
  • Common cuckoo, Cuculus canorus
  • Greater roadrunner, Geococcyx californianus
  • Yellow-billed cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus
  • Black-billed cuckoo, Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Nightjars and allies

They have long wings, brief legs, as well as extremely short bills. Many have small feet, of little bit of usage for walking, and long pointed airfoils.

  • Lesser nighthawk, Chordeiles acutipennis
  • Common nighthawk, Chordeiles small
  • Typical poorwill, Phalaenoptilus nuttallii
  • Chuck-will’s- widow, Antrostomus carolinensis
  • Buff-collared nightjar, Antrostomus ridgwayi
  • Eastern whip-poor-will, Antrostomus vociferus
  • Mexican whip-poor-will, Antrostomus arizonae


The swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have really brief legs and also never settle voluntarily on the ground, setting down rather only on vertical surfaces. Numerous swifts have long swept-back wings which are similar to a crescent or even boomerang.

  • Dark swift, Cypseloides niger
  • White-collared swift, Streptoprocne zonaris
  • Fireplace swift, Chaetura pelagica
  • Vaux’s swift, Chaetura vauxi
  • Typical swift, Apus apus
  • White-throated swift, Aeronautes saxatalis


Hummingbirds are little birds with the ability of hovering in mid-air due to the quick flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly back.

  • Black-chinned hummingbird
  • Mexican violetear, Colibri thalassinus
  • Rivoli’s hummingbird, Eugenes fulgens
  • Blue-throated mountain-gem, Lampornis clemenciae
  • Ruby-throated hummingbird, Archilochus colubris
  • Black-chinned hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri
  • Anna’s hummingbird, Calypte anna
  • Costa’s hummingbird, Calypte costae
  • Broad-tailed hummingbird, Selasphorus platycercus
  • Rufous hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus
  • Allen’s hummingbird, Selasphorus sasin
  • Calliope hummingbird, Selasphorus calliope
  • Broad-billed hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris
  • Violet-crowned hummingbird, Amazilia violiceps
  • Xantus’s hummingbird, Hylocharis xantusii

Rails, gallinules, and coots

Rallidae is a large family of little to medium-sized birds that includes the rails, crakes, gallinules, and also coots. One of the most normal loved one fill heavy plants in moist settings near streams, swamps, or even lakes.

Generally they are actually bashful and closelipped birds, producing all of them tough to notice. The majority of types possess tough legs as well as long toes which are well adjusted to smooth uneven areas. They tend to possess small, rounded airfoils as well as to be weak fliers.

  • American coot
  • Yellowish rail, Coturnicops noveboracensis
  • Black rail, Laterallus jamaicensis
  • Ridgway’s rail, Rallus obsoletus
  • Virginia rail, Rallus limicola
  • Sora, Porzana carolina
  • Violet gallinule, Porphyrio martinicus
  • Typical gallinule, Gallinula galeata
  • American coot, Fulica americana

Plovers and lapwings

The loved ones Charadriidae consists of the dotterels, lapwings, as well as plovers. They are actually small to medium-sized birds along with sleek physical bodies, short strong necks, and also long, generally pointed, airfoils. They are actually discovered in tundra worldwide, primarily in habitations near water.

  • Killdeer
  • Black-bellied plover, Pluvialis squatarola
  • American golden-plover, Pluvialis dominica
  • Pacific golden-plover, Pluvialis fulva
  • Eurasian dotterel, Charadrius morinellus
  • Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus
  • Usual annular plover, Charadrius hiaticula
  • Semipalmated plover, Charadrius semipalmatus
  • Piping plover, Charadrius melodus
  • Lesser sand-plover, Charadrius mongolus
  • Greater sand-plover, Charadrius leschenaultii
  • Wilson’s plover, Charadrius wilsonia
  • Snowy plover, Charadrius nivosus
  • Hill plover, Charadrius montanus

Sandpipers and allies

Scolopacidae is a large assorted loved ones of tiny to medium-sized shorebirds consisting of the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, phalaropes, snipes, as well as dowitchers. The majority of these varieties consume tiny invertebrates chose of the mud or dirt. Various sizes of lower legs as well as costs allow a number of varieties to feed in the very same environment, especially on the coast, without direct competitors for food items.

  • Upland sandpiper, Bartramia longicauda
  • Bristle-thighed curlew, Numenius tahitiensis
  • Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
  • Little bit of curlew, Numenius minutus
  • Long-billed curlew, Numenius americanus
  • Bar-tailed godwit, Limosa lapponica
  • Hudsonian godwit, Limosa haemastica
  • Marbled godwit, Limosa fedoa
  • Blooming turnstone, Arenaria interpres
  • Black turnstone, Arenaria melanocephala
  • Red knot, Calidris canutus
  • Surfbird, Calidris virgata
  • Ruff, Calidris pugnax
  • Sharp-tailed sandpiper, Calidris acuminata
  • Stilt sandpiper, Calidris himantopus
  • Curlew sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea
  • Long-toed stint, Calidris subminuta
  • Red-necked job, Calidris ruficollis
  • Sanderling, Calidris alba
  • Dunlin, Calidris alpina
  • Rock sandpiper, Calidris ptilocnemis
  • Purple sandpiper, Calidris maritima
  • Baird’s sandpiper, Calidris bairdii
  • Little bit of job, Calidris minuta
  • The very least sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
  • White-rumped sandpiper, Calidris fuscicollis
  • Buff-breasted sandpiper, Calidris subruficollis
  • Pectoral sandpiper, Calidris melanotos
  • Semipalmated sandpiper, Calidris pusilla
  • Western side sandpiper, Calidris mauri
  • Short-billed dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus
  • Long-billed dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
  • Jack snipe, Lymnocryptes minimus
  • American woodcock, Scolopax small
  • Popular snipe, Gallinago gallinago
  • Wilson’s snipe, Gallinago delicata
  • Terek sandpiper, Xenus cinereus
  • Identified sandpiper, Actitis macularia
  • Solitary sandpiper, Tringa solitaria
  • Gray-tailed tattler, Tringa brevipes
  • Wandering tattler, Tringa incana
  • Smaller yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
  • Willet, Tringa semipalmata
  • Found redshank, Tringa erythropus
  • Usual greenshank, Tringa nebularia
  • Greater yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
  • Wood sandpiper, Tringa glareola
  • Meadow bright sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis
  • Wilson’s phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor
  • Red-necked phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus
  • Reddish phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius

Auks, murres, and puffins

Alcids are actually ostensibly identical to penguins as a result of their black-and-white colours, their upright stance, as well as a number of their behaviors. Having said that, they are only distantly pertaining to the penguins as well as manage to fly. Auks survive on the open sea, simply intentionally coming ashore to home.

  • Tufted puffin
  • Usual murre, Uria aalge
  • Thick-billed murre, Uria lomvia
  • Pigeon guillemot, Cepphus columba
  • Long-billed murrelet, Brachyramphus perdix
  • Multicolor murrelet, Brachyramphus marmoratus
  • Kittlitz’s murrelet, Brachyramphus brevirostris
  • Scripps’s murrelet, Synthliboramphus scrippsi
  • Guadalupe murrelet, Synthliboramphus hypoleucus
  • Craveri’s murrelet, Synthliboramphus craveri
  • Old murrelet, Synthliboramphus antiquus
  • Cassin’s auklet, Ptychoramphus aleuticus
  • Parakeet auklet, Aethia psittacula
  • Least auklet, Aethia pusilla
  • Crested auklet, Aethia cristatella
  • Rhinoceros auklet, Cerorhinca monocerata
  • Horned puffin, Fratercula corniculata
  • Tufted puffin, Fratercula cirrhata

Hopefully this article is useful 😀

Sometimes, when people ask what I do to make a living, I can't think of a better word than "writer". I am a student, web maker, writer, bird lover ... and many more.

Leave a Comment